Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Latin America and the Caribbean
Newsletter ISDR Inform - Latin America and the Caribbean
Risk: Program for Schools, Didactic Guide for Teachers
This publication strives to help teachers introduce to their pupils the subject of seismic risk. It is a contribution of the Spanish General Directorate for Civil Protection to the efforts to generate a culture of prevention by other countries of the Council of Europe (FORM-OSE Program) and the Ibero-American Association of Governmental Civil Defense and Protection Agencies.
The Spanish Civil Protection System includes the General Directorate for Civil Defense of the Ministry of the Interior and all the civil protection agencies of the autonomous regions and local governments, as well as public and private organizations involved in risk analysis, prevention, follow up, hazard information, emergency management and rehabilitation and reconstruction.
It is impossible to predict natural phenomena such as earthquakesto know in advance their magnitude, or even when and where they will strike. This book explains the genesis of those natural phenomena that cause disasters. It also shows how to mitigate disasters by taking preventive steps to reduce the number of potential victims and material damage.
Its nine chapters include useful illustrations and well as synoptic text boxes, lists of basic concepts, and questionnaires to test the readers mastery of the material. Each chapter ends with a suggested activity that can help readers apply what they have learned to their own environments, at home, at school, and in their town or city. The book also explains the role played by Civil Defense in Peru.
of Risks and Resources: Validity of methodological support
As part of ONEMIs institutional mission to improve the safety of people, their property and the environment in the face of natural or man-made disasters, a team of professionals from the National Emergency Office has spent the past five and a half years developing a systemic process to provide the country with an effective model of community participation that will guarantee peoples commitment to local safety management.
This process has shown, in a practical way, that through a better knowledge of their own specific reality and the opportunity to influence decisions aimed at improving their living conditions, people develop a greater capacity to recognize their duties and rights and help to shape their own future.
Education Project in the Prevention of Risks and Disasters in Costa Rica: a regional experience directed at primary and secondary schools in the cantons of Puriscal and Pérez Zeledón. UNICEF, FLACSO and LA RED
This book attempts to stimulate discussion and introduce, in a non-traditional and effective manner, the subject of disaster prevention into the curriculum of Costa Ricas formal education system. This is of vital importance because disasters, which constitute a terrible experience in the lives of individuals and communities - especially the poorest - are becoming a part of daily life and should therefore be included as an essential element of educational initiatives to promote peoples integral training and the social awareness of risk.
The contents of this book are based on a rigorous review and articulation of the contributions of the different disciplines that converge into a broad and comprehensive understanding of the issue. In addition, the book contains valuable contributions by teachers and students of both sexes from primary and secondary schools in the cantons of Pérez Zeledón and Puriscal, which participated in the project.
We hope that this
book, the result of a joint effort by UNICEF, FLACSO, LA RED, and members
of Costa Ricas education community, will be useful to the education
system and contribute to the development of a promising disaster prevention
policy that is just beginning to be applied in the country as a result
of the new legal framework for disaster reduction.
The impact of hurricane Mitch on Central America was a devastatingly persuasive argument for the need to examine the relationship between natural disasters and sustainable development. This book collects essays on the subject from various perspectives and disciplines; they aim to understand the historical and social processes that have led to Central Americas high vulnerability, and offer success stories and experiences of risk prevention and management.
The following articles are included: Disasters and Development, by Allan Lavell; Risks and Disasters, by Helena Molin Valdes and Margarita Villalobos from ISDR; Local Risk Management in the Context of Hurricane Mitch, by David Smith; Women and Vulnerability in Central America, by Adriana Prado; Development Actors and Problems in Central America, by Constantino Urcuyo; Psychological Intervention in Disaster Situations, by Lorena Sáenz and José Manuel Salas; and Sustainable Human Development, by Jorge Nowalksi.