Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Latin America and the Caribbean
Newsletter ISDR Inform - Latin America and the Caribbean
Partners in Action
Seminar On A Strategy For Community Disaster Reduction And Risk Management In Human Settlements In Central America
The Central American Coordination Center for Disaster Prevention (CEPREDENAC) and the Central American Community Network for Risk Reduction organized a seminar-workshop on A Strategy For Community Disaster Reduction And Risk Management In Human Settlements In Central America.
The seminar was held between 13 and 15 November 2000 in Costa Ricas old capital, Cartago. It was part of the activities of the Strategic Framework for Vulnerability and Disaster reduction in Central America and the Central American Five-Year Plan for Vulnerability and Disaster Impact Reduction, both agreed upon during the 10th Summit of Central American Presidents in October 1999.
The chief goal of the seminar was to develop inputs and consensus on the design of a Regional Strategy for Risk Management in the Housing and Human Settlements Sector in Central America, which will be incorporated into the Regional Disaster Reduction Plan that is coordinated by CEPREDENAC as the specialized agency of the Central American Integration System (SICA).
As a starting point for the discussions, participants reviewed a series of previous commitments by governments in the region, such as the 2nd Habitat Agenda that was adopted at the Habitat II World Conference held in Istanbul in 1996, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966/76) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966/76), which recognize housing as a human right. Any person, regardless of sex, religion, age, race, political beliefs or any other condition, has the right to adequate housing, particularly women, children, the old, the disabled, and all other vulnerable groups.
Given that little attention has been paid to the implementation of these international agreements and plans of action in Central America, the review chose to focus on the following lines of action:
The meeting concluded with the signing of the Tres Ríos Declaration, which in addition to the points above stresses the need for real, effective community participation in the development of a strategy for disaster reduction in human settlements in Central America, including its application and the management of allocated resources, and mechanisms to ensure that community input can influence local, national and regional policies for decision making in risk management.
Representatives of the Community Network from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama took part in the meeting, as did government officials, and members of international agencies, the United Nations, CEPREDENAC and SICA.
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