Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Latin America and the Caribbean
Newsletter ISDR Inform - Latin America and the Caribbean
In the Spotlight: The Role of the University
lets talk about the myths
Before we can begin to study scholarly research on disasters and develop effective mitigation strategies, we must collectively define what is a disaster. A lecture on how North Americans and Europeans have defined disasters and open up a discussion/question period that will critique these western and developed-world notions of disasters. As a conclusion, a review of a few of the commonly believed myths about how people behave in disasters and what researchers have found.
How do we study disasters?
The EDUPLANhemisférico represents a very exciting hemispheric effort organized by the Organization of American States. Currently, technical secretariats are being organized and established in half a dozen Caribbean and South American nations. How can you participate in the EDUPLANhemisférico and how can we reach across borders to support each others efforts?
and the field of Emergency Management
Dr. Neal, former director of the first degree program in emergency management in the world and a professional consultant in disaster education, will speak on various curriculum models that have been used in emergency management education programs. In addition, he will discuss how emergency managers have become professionalized, including the current U.S. efforts to certify emergency managers. He will also talk about national efforts to create workshops and distance education courses for emergency managers. Discussion: what type of education for emergency managers is needed in Costa Rica?
The instructor will show slides of various disasters and the most vulnerable groups that she has studied, including people homeless before the disaster, the elderly, migrant farmworkers, and low-income minority groups (in the U.S. this includes Latinos and African Americans) and the problems that they have faced. What makes someone vulnerable? What is the impact on a socially vulnerable groups ability to recover? How can organizations, agencies, and other groups help with reducing vulnerabilities?
How can we improve all parts of emergency response from preparation through recovery? How can we get all organizations and agencies to work together more cooperatively and effectively? Donations of food and clothes often overwhelm emergency managers. Lecture on two contrasting viewpoints in emergency management: the command and control military-like response, and the emergent norm flexible approach and will conclude with a top ten list of suggestions from emergency managers in the U.S.
What does gender have to do with disasters? During the 1990s, we learned that women and children die or become injured in disasters more frequently than do men. Why is this? What role do women play in disasters? After a discussion period of womens vulnerabilities in Costa Rica, the instructor will lecture on research findings about womens vulnerabilities and ways in which we can reduce those vulnerabilities. We will concentrate on making women stronger, on building their capacities to reduce/mitigate vulnerabilities.
What is the role of schools and society in reducing the vulnerabilities of children and the elderly? What makes children and the elderly vulnerable here in Costa Rica? The instructor will present research findings on what makes children and the elderly vulnerable in general and present general questions designed to promote discussion on how to apply the research to Costa Rica. For example, how can the EDUPLANhemisférico be used to reduce childrens vulnerabilities? What are/should be the role of agencies that work with the elderly in disasters? How can we work with elderly agencies (and locations where the elderly reside) to reduce their vulnerabilities?
Are you interested
in having a similar course at your University?
If you would like
more information about the Rotary Foundation and its