Uruguay

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Contents

HFA National Reports

National Report 2007: Unreported

National Report 2006: Unreported

National Report 2005: Unreported

National Report 2004: National Report in Preparation for WCDR (2004) – Uruguay


National platform:

Unreported.

HFA National Focal Point:

Ministry of Housing, Lands and Environment

Address: Zabala 1432/4to Piso

Contact Person: Mariano Arana, Minister

Phone:+917-0710 int. 1401

E-mail: secmtro@mvotma.gub.uy

Other Contacts

Permanent Mission of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay to the United Nations in Geneva

Chief:

His Excellency Mr. Alejandro Artucio Rodríguez

Ambassador

Permanent Representative

Address: Rue de Lausanne 65 (4th Floor), 1202 Geneva

Tel: +(41-22) 731-8366, Fax: +(41-22) 731-5650

E-mail: mission.uruguay@urugi.ch


UN System Coordination

UNDG: UNCT Uruguay


UN Resident Coordinator

Mr. Pablo Mandeville

UN Resident Coordinator / UNDP Resident Representative

Tel: + (598-2) 412-33 ext. 56 to 59, + (598-2) 412-8468, Fax: + (598-2) 412-3360

E-mail: pablo.mandeville@undp.org


Inter-Agency Support

Ms. Silvia da Rin Pagnetto, Advisor to the RC/RR

Tel: +(598) 2-412-3357 ext. 56 to 59

E-mail: silvia.darinpagnetto@undp.org


Ms. Veronica Nori, Assistant to the RC/RR

Tel: +5982 412 33 57 ext. 56 to 59

E-mail: veronica.nori@undp.org


Ms. Virginia Tarigo, Assistant to the RC office

Tel: +5982 412 33 57 ext. 56 to 59

E-mail: virginia.tarigo@undp.org


UN country Team

Mr. Pablo Mandeville: Resident Coordinator, UN

Ms. Martha Pacheco: Director, CINTERFOR/ILO

Mr. Pascual Gerstenfeld: Director, ECLAC

Mr. Alberto Di Liscia: Representative a.i., FAO

Mr. Alvaro Ramos: Programme Coordinator, IFAD

Mr. Guillermo Miranda: Director Sub Regional Office for the Southern Cone, ILO

Mr. Gaston Gelos: Resident Representative, IMF

Ms. Susana Leonardi: Officer in charge, IOM

Dr. José Fernando P. Dora: Representative, PAHO/WHO

Mr. Antonio Molpeceres: Country Director, UNDP

Mr. Jorge Grandi: Director, UNESCO

Mr. Esteban Caballero: Country Director, UNFPA

Mr. Juan José Calvo: Assistant Representative, UNFPA/LAC/Uruguay

Mr. Tom Bergmann-Harris: Representative, UNICEF

Mr. Alberto Di Liscia: Regional Office Director, UNIDO

Ms. Ana Falu: Director Regional Office for Brazil and the Southern Cone, UNIFEM

Ms. Mariana Gonzalez Guyer: Country Programme Manager, UNIFEM

Mr. Jorge Buttner: Chief Operations Centre, UNOPS

Mr. David Yuravlivker: Representative, World Bank

Ms. Silvia da Rin Pagnetto: Coordination Support, UN

Ms. Veronica Nori: Coordination Support, UN

Ms. Virginia Tarigo: Coordination Support, UN


UNDP

Address: UNDP Building, Javier Barrios Amorin 870, Cas. de Correo 1207, Montevideo

Tel: 00(598-2) 412-3356 / 3357, Fax: 00(598-2) 412-3360

E-mail: registry.ur@undp.org

URL: http://www.undp.org.uy


ECLAC

Montevideo Office

Address: Juncal 1305, Floor 10, PO Box 1207, Montevideo

Tel: (598-2) 916-1580/ 916-1576, Fax: (598-2) 916-1776

Email: cepalmontevideocepal.org

URL: http://www.eclac.cl

Country profile:

Official Name: Oriental Republic of Uruguay

Date of formation: 1825

Capital: Montevideo

Population: 3.4 million

Density: 19.3 people per sq km

Total area: 176,220 sq km

Languages: Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero

Government: Constitutional republic

Life expectancy: 75.2 years

Infant mortality: 14 deaths/1,000 live births

Rural population: 7.6% of total Urban population: 92.4% of total Under age 15: 24.6% of total Over age 65: 13.1% of total

Currency: Uruguayan peso (UYU)

Climate: Warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown

Natural Hazards: Seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind that blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts

Geographical Description (hazards and disasters):

Uruguay are geographically located in one of the areas that have been identified clearest impacts of El Niño / Southern Oscillation (ENSO), and associated anomalies observed in rainfall patterns. In particular, there was a significant increase in relation to historical records, which, coupled with rising vulnerability mentioned above, causing floods in many evacuees. This situation is repeated so often that it is a constant problem in the country. Also, floods are a constant threat, which also brings with it a number of epidemics and diseases. It is the only South American country which is entirely in the temperate zone. The absence of significant terrain contributes to the spatial variations of temperature, precipitation and other parameters are small. The country's annual average temperature is 17 ° C. While the Uruguayan territory is situated in the portion of the temperate zone near the tropics, its climatic features derived from the permanent unit, facilitated by the lack of elevations of the masses of warm, humid air from the Atlantic anticyclone, as well as fresh and dried in the South Pacific anticyclone. While generally seasonality is ticked extreme irregularity allows certain times in winter thermometers exceed 25 ° C. In a country where there are no volcanic or seismic activity, nor has the preponderance risk of technological disasters, the phenomena of atmospheric source or climate are those that can cause more damage, both in the economic and social order as in the environment.


The greatest danger of atmospheric phenomena identified in Uruguay are: heavy rainfall, high winds, tornadoes, thunderstorms and trombas marine. They are also considering the waves of extreme temperature, frost and hail. The latter two, though not generate significant environmental emergencies, have strong economic consequences, as they are capable of harming their farms. Also occurring natural disasters of slow development, such as drought, which deeply affects livestock farming, one of the foundations of the country's economy (associated with the wind drought favors wildfires field or forest). While in Uruguay there is an abundance of water resources, water availability is not a uniform distribution in time and space.


Institutional Part:

Under Decree 103/995 of 24 1995, created the National System of Emergency and adopted its Rules of organization and operation, the creation and organization of this system was aimed at addressing situations of emergencies, crises and disasters of exceptional character , which significantly affect the country and its people and their property, which exceeds the potential to be resolved by the agencies or bodies operating in the normal scope of their powers. To adapt its organization to achieve greater speed in its operation, Article 2 of Decree 103/995 was amended by Decree 371/995.


The National Emergency System (NES) is committed to plan, coordinate, implement, conduct, assess and deal with the prevention and the actions needed in all emergencies, crises and disasters or exceptional situations similar occurring or are imminent , in the national territory, airspace or its jurisdictional river and sea areas, and that directly or indirectly affect significantly the State and its people and their property, where excess capacity own bodies or agencies originally competent. The National Emergency System is composed of several organs:

• The National Emergency Committee, composed of the President of the Republic, the Minister of National Defense and Minister of Interior, reports directly to the executive branch which convenes. They must also be called upon to integrate the National Committee relevant ministers, according to the situation to deal with.

• The National Emergency Council is composed of the secretary of the Presidency of the Republic, Ministers of the Interior, Foreign, Economy and Finance; National Defense; of Education and Culture, Transport and Works; Industry, Energy and Mining; of Labour and Social Security, Public Health, Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries, Tourism and Housing, Lands and Environment, the commanders-in-chief of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force and the director of the Technical and Operational Standing. The functions of the National Emergencies are primarily to advise the National Emergency Committee, in all matters relating to situations referred to in this decree and propose relevant actions and propose policies and guidelines that allow better planning and performance of agencies involved; planning measures to prevent and deal with situations falling under this decree, particularly in respect of employment and support personnel, logistic and communications; evaluate the operation of the System and propose to the National Emergency Committee the relevant reforms; communicate directly with national and international agencies for the purpose of discharging its functions and to the requirement of the necessary support for it and dictate its rules of operation.

• The Technical and Operational Permanent, which reports directly to the National Committee, is composed of a person of high training, appointed by the executive branch, which shall serve as a director, and one delegate from each of the members National Emergency Council. The Technical and Operational Standing coordinates and makes implementing the measures and actions that may be assigned by the National Emergency Committee, the Committee proposed the immediate implementation of emergency plans; advises the National Emergency Committee and the National Council of Emergency throughout what is required; makes coordination among the bodies of the system, planned and proposed to the National Committee for Emergencies all measures aimed at better implementing the tasks of the System; communicates directly with national agencies for the performance of its functions and Request for the information and necessary support to do so; collects and maintains updated information from all resources, personnel and agencies that make up the system. Resolution 1070/04 designates the Technical and Operational Permanent National Emergency System as a focal point for understanding on prevention and the necessary actions for every situation or emergency situations, crises or natural disasters or man-made occurring or are imminent within the national territory.

• The departmental committees whose main function to plan and to execute the actions assigned to them by the National Emergency Committee, are composed of a person of high training, appointed by the executive branch, which shall serve as director, delegate of the Interior Ministry, a delegate from the Ministry of National Defense and the departmental authorities to be convened by the director of the committee, according to the situation to deal with.


Progress

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

HFA P4 - Risk applications:

N/A

HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

Other Areas:

Other Documents:

PREVENTION BOOKLET: " PREVENTION BOOKLET: "FAMILY PREPARED BY TWO TICKETS."Familia preparada vale por dos."(Spanish).

GENERAL PLAN OF ACTION FOR PREVENTION OF FOREST FIRES

ANNEX 1


Web Links

Presidency of the Republic

Ministry of Territorial Planning

Ministry of Economy

Uruguay's National Climate Change Website (Ministry of the Environment, Climate Change Department)

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