United States of America

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Contents

HFA National Reports

National Report 2008 / HFA Monitor Online Report: 2008 HFA Monitor National Report - USA

National Report 2007:

National Report 2006:

National Report 2005:

National Report 2004:

National Report 2003:National Report, July 2003

National Platform:

National Platform Focal Point: Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction (SDR)

Website:SDR

Contact:Chair & Senior Science Advisor for Earthquake & Geologic Hazards

Phone:+1 7036486714


HFA National Focal Point:

Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction (SDR)

SSMC, Room 7417, 13335 East-West Highway, 20910-3282, Silver Spring, USA

Phone: +1 (301)713-1140

Fax: +1 (301)713-1129


Contact Person:

Dr. David Applegate, Chair (as of 2007)

Senior Science Advisor for Earthquake & Geologic Hazards (Temporary Acting Central Region Director)

U.S. Geological Survey

905 National Center, 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston VA 20192

Tel. (703) 648-6714, Fax: (703) 648-6592

E-mail: applegate@usgs.gov


Alternative contact:

Emily Wallace, SDR Secretariat

Tel: +1-703-560-7448

Fax:+1-703-560 3536

ewallace@grs-solutions.com

Dory Steifel, SDR Secretariat

dori@grs-solutions.com


State Department Website:STATE GOV

Contact:IO/RHS Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Portfolios

Phone:+1 (202)647-3901

Other contacts:

Permanent Mission of the United States of America to the United Nations in Geneva

Chief:

His Excellency Mr. Warren W. Tichenor

Ambassador

Permanent Representative

Address: Route de Pregny 11, 1292 Chambésy

Tel: +(41-22) 749-4111, Fax: +(41-22) 749-4880

URL: http://www.usmission.ch


Statutory Authority

Robert T. Stafford

Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, PL 100-707, signed into law November 23, 1988; amended the Disaster Relief Act of 1974, The Bureau of Land Management (BLM), an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior, administers 261 million surface acres of America's public lands, located primarily in 12 Western States. The BLM sustains the health, diversity, and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. BLM WEB


Department of Defense-Networks and Information Integration (NII) Mr. Al Johnson.

The mission of the NII is to lead the Information Age transformation of the Department of Defense by building the foundation for network-centric operations through policies, program oversight, resource allocation, and the provision of value-added support. The NII is committed to making information available on a network that people depend on and trust; populating the network with new, dynamic sources of information to defeat the enemies of the United States; denying those enemies informational advantages; and exploiting weaknesses to support Network Centric Warfare and the transformation of Department of Defense business processes. NII WEB


Department of Energy: Ms. Patricia A. Hoffman DOE WEB

The Department of Energy's overarching mission is enhancing national security. Responsibility for accomplishing this mission is shared among four principal program lines.

The National Defense Programs of the Department have four overriding priorities, including: ensuring the integrity and safety of the country's nuclear weapons; promoting international nuclear safety; advancing nuclear non-proliferation; and continuing to provide safe, efficient, and effective nuclear power plants for the United States Navy.

The priorities of the Department's energy program are: to increase domestic energy production; to revolutionize our approach to energy conservation and efficiency; and to promote the development of renewable and alternative energy sources.

The priorities of the Department's environmental program are: ensuring that safety legacies of the Cold War are addressed and resolved and done so in a manner that does not impede future national security missions; and permanent and safely disposing of the nation's radioactive wastes.

The top priority of the Department's science program is the sponsorship of cutting-edge science and technology research and development that revolutionizes how we find, produce, and deliver energy.


Department of Health and Human Services-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Dr. Mark Keim

CDC protects people's health and safety by preventing and controlling diseases and injuries; enhances health decisions by providing credible information on critical health issues; and promotes healthy living through strong partnerships with local, national, and international organizations. CDC WEB


Department of Homeland Security Dr. Bruce Davis

The creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the most significant transformation of the U.S. government since 1947, when Harry S. Truman merged the various branches of the U.S. Armed Forces into the Department of Defense to better coordinate the nation's defense against military threats. The DHS represents a similar consolidation, both in style and substance. In the aftermath of the terrorist attacks against America on September 11th, 2001, President George W. Bush decided 22 previously disparate domestic agencies needed to be coordinated into one department to protect the nation against threats to the homeland.

The first priority of the Department of Homeland Security is to protect the nation against further terrorist attacks. Component agencies will analyze threats and intelligence, guard our borders and airports, protect our critical infrastructure, and coordinate the response of our nation for future emergencies.

Besides providing a better-coordinated defense of the homeland, DHS is also dedicated to protecting the rights of American citizens and enhancing public services, such as natural disaster assistance and citizenship services, by dedicating offices to these important missions. DHS WEB


Department of Homeland Security - Federal Emergency Management Agency. Mr. David Maurstad

FEMA became part of DHS on March 1, 2003. Its mission is to lead America to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters. FEMA's programs span the four phases of emergency management: preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery. FEMA helps states and localities prepare for a wide range of hazards through its preparedness, exercise, and training programs for state, tribal, and local emergency managers, and other officials.

The agency has a long history of partnering with states, tribal and local governments, the private sector, non-profit groups, and the general public to reduce or eliminate the risk to people and property from all hazards, thereby contributing to a nation of safer, stronger communities. FEMA provides disaster assistance to states, and tribal and local governments, and coordinates the provision of assistance by other Federal agencies. The agency has both broad-based and in-depth experience coordinating intergovernmental efforts. FEMA


Department of Housing and Urban Development Mr. David Engel

HUD's mission is to provide a decent, safe, and sanitary home and suitable living environment for every American. Many of HUD's programs already include disaster mitigation components such as minimum construction standards and rules on project site selection. This includes not only the minimum property standards that apply to all HUD-assisted construction, but also special wind and snow load requirements for manufactured housing to ensure a degree of protection from hurricanes and snowstorms. There are also restrictions on constructing projects near any operation that stores, handles, or processes hazardous substances such as petroleum products or flammable chemicals. HUD has also placed some process and design requirements on assistance for construction in areas having special flood hazards. HUD WEB


Department of State Mr. Ralph Braibanti

The DOS leads the inter agency effort on International Strategy on Disaster Reduction (ISDR) and coordinates how the U.S. votes on UN General Assembly and ECOSOC resolutions on international disaster matters. DOS works with a number of international organizations to foster better disaster reduction.

With respect to this mission, the Bureau of Oceans and Environmental Sciences is the main research arm of DOS. The Bureau of International Organizational Affairs (IO) also funds research aimed at gaining a better understanding of the systemic risks posed to society by disasters, and, along with NOAA and NASA, has stimulated research into the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for use in disaster telecommunications and remote sensing. IO also works closely with Canada through the G-7 Information Society to develop more effective knowledge management tools. STATE GOV WEB


Department of the Interior Dr. James Tate, Jr.

The Department of the Interior (DOI) is the nation’s principal conservation agency. Its mission includes providing stewardship of energy and mineral resources, fostering sound use of land and water resources, and conserving and protecting fish and wildlife. DOI’s many disaster related functions include monitoring, analyzing, interpreting, and disseminating information on earthquakes, volcanoes, and the geology and topography of the United States and monitoring and assessing water quality, streamflows and ground water across the nation.v DOI WEB


Department of Transportation Dr. K. “K.T.” Thirumalai

The Department of Transportation’s stated mission is to “serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future.” DOT’s resources for maintaining the transportation infrastructure before, during and after a hazard event include the National Response Center for oil and chemical spills and the Office of Hazardous Materials Safety. DOT WEB


Environmental Protection Agency Dr. Peter Jutro

EPA's overall mission is to protect human health and to safeguard the nation's natural environment - air, water, and land. EPA is responsibile for dealing with environmental emergencies that involve sudden threats to the public health or the well?being of the environment arising from the release or potential release of oil, radioactive materials, or hazardous chemicals into the air, land, or water. These emergencies may occur from transportation accidents, events at facilities that use or manufacture chemicals, or as a result of natural or man?made disaster events. In September 2002, EPA created the National Homeland Security Research Center. The Center, a part of the Office of Research and Development (ORD), manages, coordinates, and supports a wide variety of disaster-related research and technical assistance efforts. Research at the Center will focus on developing methods to clean up contaminated buildings, protecting the nation's drinking water supply, and improving risk assessment techniques. EPA


Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Dr. June Morgan

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is an independent regulatory agency within the Department of Energy that regulates the transmission and sale of natural gas for resale in interstate commerce; regulates the transmission of oil by pipeline in interstate commerce; Regulates the transmission and wholesale sales of electricity in interstate commerce; Licenses and inspects private, municipal and state hydroelectric projects; oversees environmental matters related to natural gas, oil, electricity and hydroelectric projects; Administers accounting and financial reporting regulations and conduct of jurisdictional companies, and approves site choices as well as abandonment of interstate pipeline facilities. The Commission recovers all of its costs from regulated industries through fees and annual charges. FERC



National Aeronautics and Space Administration Mr. Steve Ambrose


NASA's Earth Science Enterprise endeavors to understand and protect our home planet by advancing earth system science to enable improved prediction of climate, weather and natural hazards from the vantage point of space. Through its ability to view the earth as a dynamic system, NASA makes key contributions to the science of hazard assessment and mitigation and provides essential support to the efforts of other Federal agencies charged with these responsibilities.

NASA and USGS are partners in the Landsat program, which has provided 30 years of data on land cover change. NASA and NIMA partnered in the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission which is yielding the first globally consistent topographic data set at 90m resolution. The combination of land cover and topography data makes a powerful tool for hazard assessment and response. NASA, NSF, USGS, and the Keck Foundation created the Southern California Integrated GPS Network to monitor strain and movement in the Los Angeles basin. NASA, NOAA, and DOD are long-time partners in the development and operation of the nation's weather satellite system; NASA's research systems of this decade will strengthen the operational system of the next decade. NASA and NOAA's partnership in satellite data assimilation is making substantial progress in predicting storm formation and hurricane tracks. NASA satellites are enhancing the wildfire monitoring assets of the U.S. Forest Service. Today's new generation of gravity field and ocean topography measuring systems will substantial improve sea level predictions.

NASA research and observations are providing essential tools to help the U.S. meet its disaster reduction goals for the next decade. NASA employs a systems engineering architecture approach to the decision support tools it develops for its partner agencies and stakeholders. NASA WEB


National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Ms. Jane Dickerson

The National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) officially became the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) on November 24, 2003. NGA supports FEMA and Federal Response Plan disaster operations by acquiring and interpreting remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data, which help define the scope and scale of a disaster area. NGA has developed and acquired a robust hardware- and software-deployable capability that ensures that NGA analysts can support lead Federal agency requirements for crisis and consequence management and longer-term recovery. The deployable suites can support near-real-time commercial and national technical means (NTM) imagery, GIS, and a host of analytical tools. In addition, NGA is working with FEMA to develop a capability to support FEMA's Information and Planning with on-site geospatial intelligence analysis at designated off-site Emergency Operations Centers as required. NGA WEB


National Guard Bureau Col. Daniel J. Bochicchio

A component of the United States Army, the National Guard has a unique dual mission that consists of both Federal and State roles. For state missions, the governor, through the state Adjutant General, commands Guard forces. The governor can call the National Guard into action during local or statewide emergencies, such as storms, fires, earthquakes or civil disturbances. In addition, the President of the United States can activate the National Guard for participation in federal missions including major disasters at home and abroad. NGB WEB


National Institutes of Health Dr. Allen Dearry

The National Institutes of Health (NIH), a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the primary Federal agency for conducting and supporting medical research. Helping to lead the way toward important medical discoveries that improve people’s health and save lives, NIH scientists investigate ways to prevent disease as well as the causes, treatments, and even cures for common and rare diseases.

NIH WEB


National Institute of Standards and Technology Dr. Jack Hayes

NIST's Building and Fire Research Laboratory (BFRL) studies building materials; computer -integrated construction practices; fire science and fire safety engineering; and structural, mechanical, and environmental engineering. BFRL products include: measurements and test methods, performance criteria, and technical data that support innovations by industry and are incorporated into building and fire standards and codes. BFRL operates under five goal areas: Advanced Construction Technology; Enhanced Building Performance; Fire Loss Reduction; Advanced Building Materials; and Homeland Security. NIST WEB


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Dr. Margaret Davidson, Vice Chair

NOAA conducts research and gathers data about the global oceans, atmosphere, space, and sun, and applies this knowledge to science and service that touch the lives of all Americans. NOAA is the nation's resource for weather-related research, observing systems, and environmental data and information services. With respect to natural hazards, it focuses on two critical areas to lower the impacts and costs: (1) providing the best possible warnings and information to prevent damage and permit escape during atmospheric and coastal hazard events, and (2) providing information and techniques to lower the vulnerability and increase the resiliency of people and property before and after atmospheric and coastal hazard events. Within NOAA, the National Weather Service, the National Environmental Satellite, Data & Information Service, the National Ocean Service, the National Marine and Fisheries Service, and NOAA Research play critical roles and have distinct functions that together promote, protect, and enhance the nation's economy, security, environment, and quality of life. NOAA



National Reconnaissance Office To Be Named

The NRO designs, builds, launches, and operates U.S. space-based reconnaissance assets, which include near-real time photo reconnaissance systems that may be used to collect scientific and environmental data as well as data on natural and man made disasters. Photo reconnaissance assets can be used to image the U.S., its territories, and possessions. NRO WEB


National Science Foundation Dr. Joy Pauschke

The NSF is an independent agency established to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; and to secure the national defense. NSF supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering, including the effects of extreme conditions on natural and constructed environments. Disaster-related projects aim to enhance fundamental understanding of the natural and social environments contributing to disasters and to promote advances in engineering analysis, design, and construction and in social sciences to improve the response and reduce the impact of natural and technological hazards. Laboratory and field experiments and monitoring projects (which include the use of advanced sensors) improve hazard event prediction and assessment of infrastructure integrity during and following major disasters. These research efforts take advantage of high-speed computers to develop models and improve simulation of natural disaster events and community response and recovery. NSF WEB


United States Agency for International Development Mr. Peter Morris

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent agency that provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States. USAID is the principal U.S. agency to extend assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reforms. USAID


United States Army Corps of Engineers Dr. Barbara J. Sotirin

USACE serves as DOD's lead agency with respect to hazard management and response, and coordinates with FEMA. USACE is engaged in a full range of research and development efforts through its Engineering Research and Development Center that contribute to a better understanding of the impacts of natural disasters and the development of management and mitigation models and techniques that focus on damage reduction, infrastructure protection, and civil emergency management.

In addition, DOD has military development programs that have direct applications to disaster reduction and management. The results of these efforts will be directly applicable to the needs of the civil community during disasters. DOD also is involved in the types of data collection, purchasing, and database development where more complete, accurate, and dynamic disaster reduction technologies are produced. DOD technologies may be leveraged and utilized in a timely fashion to enhance current capabilities and optimize Federal response to all types of emergencies affecting life, property, and economic stability. DOD WEB


United States Coast Guard Ms. Suzanne V. Strohl

The United States Coast Guard is a miltary, multimission, maritime service and one of the nation's five Armed Services. Its mission is to protect the public, the environment, and U.S. economic interests-In the nation's ports and waterways, along the coast, on international waters, or in any maritime region as required to support national security. USCG WEB


United States Department of Agriculture To Be Named

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) provides assistance to farmers for losses that result from drought, flood, fire, freeze, tornadoes, pest infestation, and other calamities through a number of disaster aid programs. The Department also operates a number of programs designed to minimize the impact of disasters on our resource base through preparedness and mitigation. USDA WEB


United States Forest Service Dr. Susan Conard

The Forest Service is responsible for managing and reducing risks of multiple hazards on national forests and grasslands and for cooperating with states and other landowners to reduce disaster risks and impacts on public and private lands. The largest Forest Service hazard reduction programs are currently under the inter agency National Fire Plan, which addresses disaster preparedness and prevention, hazards management, and science and technology development related to wildland fire. The Forest Service also manages wildlands to reduce the risks of flooding, erosion, sedimentation, and contamination of water supplies arising from the impacts of natural and human disturbances. Major research areas include: post-fire rehabilitation and restoration; effects of road design and disturbance from logging and other activities regarding susceptibility to extreme flooding and erosion; management of riparian zones; and impacts of natural disasters, human impacts, and extreme weather events on water quality, air quality, and wildlife habitat. FS WEB


United States Geological Survey Dr. David Applegate, Chair

The USGS natural hazards programs produce information and understanding that help to reduce the impact of natural hazards and disasters on human life and the economy. These programs contribute to the reduction of human and economic losses and disruptions associated with these natural hazards by:

  • Defining, assessing, and monitoring potential earthquake, flood, volcano, landslide, and other hazards as the basis for loss-reduction strategies and actions by government and the private sector
  • Providing analyzes and real-time information and warnings for improved disaster response, for reducing losses from future disasters, and for enhanced public awareness of these natural hazards
  • Expanding the fundamental knowledge of earthquake, flood, volcano, landslide, and other hazard processes for more effective risk mitigation and disaster response strategies. USGS WEB


United States Public Health Services Commissioned Corps CAPT Sven Rodenbeck

The mission of the Public Health Service (PHS) Commissioned Corps is to provide highly-trained and mobile health professionals who carry out programs to promote the health of the Nation, understand and prevent disease and injury, assure safe and effective drugs and medical devices, deliver health services to Federal beneficiaries, and furnish health expertise in time of war or other national or international emergencies. As one of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States, the PHS Commissioned Corps is a specialized career system designed to attract, develop, and retain health professionals who may be assigned to Federal, State or local agencies or international organizations to accomplish its mission. The PHS Commissioned Corps is led by the Surgeon General and consists of approximately 6,000 officers. PHS WEB

Country profile:

Name: Conventional long form: United States of America. Conventional short form: United States. Abbreviation: US or USA

Capital: Washington, DC.

Independence Day: 4 July 1776 (from Great Britain).

Population total: 301,139,947 (July 2007 est.).

Area: Total: 9,826,630 sq km

Religions: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.).


Language: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census) note: Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii.


Ethnics Group: white 81.7%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2% (2003 est.). note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean a person of Latin American descent (including persons of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin) living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.)


Government: Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition


Currency: US dollar.


Climate: Mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains.


Natural Hazards:

Tsunamis, volcanoes, and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the midwest and southeast; mud slides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska, a major impediment to development

Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions. The two most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65) and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Buoyed by victories in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world's most powerful nation state. The economy is marked by steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology. Source:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html

Spaniards established the earliest European colonies on the mainland, in the area they named Florida; of these, only St. Augustine, founded in 1565, remains. Later Spanish settlements in the present-day southwestern United States drew thousands French fur traders established outposts of New France around the Great Lakes; France eventually claimed much of the North American interior as far south as the Gulf of Mexico. The first successful English settlements were the Virginia Colony in Jamestown in 1607 and the Pilgrims' Plymouth Colony in 1620. The 1628 chartering of the Massachusetts Bay Colony resulted in a wave of migration; by 1634, New England had been settled by some 10,000 Puritans. Between the late 1610s and the revolution, an estimated 50,000 convicts were shipped to England's, and later Great Britain's, American colonies.[26] Beginning in 1614, the Dutch established settlements along the lower Hudson River, including New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island. The small settlement of New Sweden, founded along the Delaware River in 1638, was taken over by the Dutch in 1655.

In the French and Indian War, the colonial extension of the Seven Years' War, British forces seized Canada from the French, but the francophone population remained politically isolated from the southern colonies. By 1674, British forces had won the former Dutch colonies in the Anglo-Dutch Wars; the province of New Netherland was renamed New York. With the 1729 division of the Carolinas and the 1732 colonization of Georgia, the thirteen British colonies that would become the United States of America were established. All had active local and colonial governments with elections open to most free men, with a growing devotion to the ancient rights of Englishmen and a sense of self government that stimulated support for republicanism. All had legalized the African slave trade. With high birth rates, low death rates, and steady immigration, the colonies doubled in population every twenty-five years. The Christian revivalist movement of the 1730s and 1740s known as the Great Awakening fueled interest in both religion and religious liberty. By 1770, the colonies had an increasingly Anglicized population of three million, approximately half that of Britain itself. Though subject to British taxation, they were given no representation in the Parliament of Great Britain.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usa


Progress

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

HFA P4 - Risk applications:

HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

Other areas

Climate change & adaptation

U.S. Climate Policy

The United States government has established a comprehensive policy to address climate change. This policy has three basic components:

  • Slowing the growth of emissions
  • Strengthening science, technology and institutions
  • Enhancing international cooperation


To implement its climate policy, the Federal government is using voluntary and incentive-based programs to reduce emissions and has established programs to promote climate technology and science. This strategy incorporates know-how from many federal agencies and harnesses the power of the private sector.


In February 2002, the United States announced a comprehensive strategy to reduce the greenhouse gas intensity of the American economy by 18 percent over the 10-year period from 2002 to 2012. Greenhouse gas intensity is a measurement of greenhouse gas emissions per unit of economic activity. Meeting this commitment will prevent the release of more than 100 million metric tons of carbon-equivalent emissions to the atmosphere (annually) by 2012 and more than 500 million metric tons (cumulatively) between 2002 and 2012.

For more information, visit the U.S. Climate Policy section of the EPA website.


Other:

Implications of Climate Change for Conservation, Restoration and Management of National Forest Lands; Defenders of Wildlife and the National Forest Restoration Collaborative

Other Documents:

Grand Challenges for Disaster Reduction (2008)

Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction - National Science and Technology Council, Committee on Environment and Natural Resources

June 2005; Second Printing January 2008

This document presents six Grand Challenges for disaster reduction and provides a framework for prioritizing the related Federal investments in science and technology.


SDR Charter 2002

Web Links:

Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction (SDR) (Division of the National Science and Technology Council to facilitate national strategies for reducing disaster risks and losses based on the effective use of science and technology)

Federal Emergency Management Agency (National disaster mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery planning)

The Disasters Roundtable

United States' Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

EPA Climate Change Division (USA)

NOAA National Climatic Data Center

NOAA National Weather Service

OCEAN US (National Office for Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observations)

NOAA GEO Information

FISHWATCH

Climate Change

USA's USDA Global Change Program Office

This U.S. Department of Agriculture Office serves as USDA's focal point for climate change issues and is responsible for coordinating activities with other Federal agencies, interacting with the legislative branch on climate change issues affecting agriculture and forestry, and representing USDA on U.S. delegations to international climate change discussions. The Office ensures that USDA is a source of objective, analytical assessments of the effects of climate change and proposed response strategies.


USGS Teacher Packets on Global Change

Includes lessons and teaching guides on topics in global change


U.S. Climate Change Science Program

The Climate Change Science Program integrates federal research on climate and global change, as sponsored by thirteen federal agencies and overseen by the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the Council on Environmental Quality, the National Economic Council and the Office of Management and Budget.


U.S. Climate Change Technology Program

The mission of the CCTP is to focus R&D activities more effectively on the President's climate change goals, near- and long-term. The CCTP provides a forum for interagency exchange of information on ongoing R&D activities. The CCTP is chartered by the President to review the Federal R&D portfolio and make recommendations. The CCTP's structure provides an opportunity to develop, across the Federal government, a comprehensive, coherent, multi-agency, multi-year R&D program plan for the development of climate change technology, tied to specific climate change goals and objectives.


U.S. Climate Technology Cooperation Gateway

The Gateway provides information to facilitate climate technology cooperation with developing countries and countries in transition. It provides information about U.S.-sponsored climate programs and projects and showcases U.S.-sponsored international climate technology cooperation programs and projects, with a focus on activities undertaken in partnership with developing and transition countries; access to climate technology tools, resources and technical experts; links to ongoing international activities including those under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); and information on technology market opportunities in developing countries and countries in transition.


U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

DOE is a leading science and technology agency whose research supports the nation's energy security, national security, environmental quality, and contributes to a better quality of life for all Americans.


U.S. Geological Survey Research Contributions to Climate Change Science

USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole-system understanding of the interrelationships among earth surface processes, ecological systems, and human activities. Activities of the program focus on documenting, analyzing, and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological, biological, hydrological, and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated.


U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

USGCRP was created as a Presidential Initiative in 1989 and formalized in 1990 by the Global Change Research Act of 1990. USGCRP research is organized around a framework of observing, documenting, understanding, and predicting global change; assessing the consequences of these changes; and producing assessments to synthesize and communicate this body of knowledge.


U.S. National Assessment

To assure that the United States is prepared for future change, the United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) initiated a national assessment on the potential consequences of climate variability and change for the nation. The national assessment process aimed to analyze and evaluate what is known about the potential consequences of climate variability and change for the nation, in the context of other pressures on the public, the environment, and the nation's resources. The National Assessment Overview and Foundation Reports were produced by the National Assessment Synthesis Team, an advisory committee chartered under the Federal Advisory Committee Act, and were not subjected to OSTP's Information Quality Act Guidelines. The National Assessment was forwarded to the President and Congress in November 2000 for their consideration.

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