Guyana

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Contents

HFA National Reports

National Report 2007: Unreported

National Report 2006: Unreported


National Platform:

Unreported

HFA National Focal Point:

Civil Defense Commission

Address: Camp Ayangauna Annex, Thomas Lands, Georgetown.

Phone: +592-226-11114, 226-1117, 226-9201, 226-8815, Fax: +592-226-1027


Contact person:

Col.Chabilall Ramsarup, Commissioner - no longer

E-mail: cdc@sdnp.org.gy

Other Contacts

UN System Coordination

UNDG: UNCT Guyana


UN Resident Coordinator

Ms. Kathleen Israel

Interim Resident coordinator (RC i.a.) / PAHO Representative

E-mail: israelki@guy.paho.org, cdelcastillo@undp.org


UNDP

Mr. Youssef Mahmoud

42 Brickdam & United Nations Place, Stabroek, Box 10960, Georgetown - Guyana (PNY),

Tel: 00(592-2) 264 048 / 259 333

Fax: 00(592-2) 262 942

E-mail: registry.gy@undp.org

Website: http://www.sdnp.org.gy/undp


CDERA Member

Lieutenant Colonel Wedna Cambridge, Commissioner

Civil Defense Commission

Camp Ayan, Thomas Lands, Georgetown, Guyana

Tel: (592-2) 61 114 /61 117 / 69 201 / 68 815

Fax: (592-2) 61 027

E-mail: cdc@sdnp.org.gy


Roger Luncheon - National Disaster Coordinator

Office of the President, Jew Gardens Street, Guyana

Tel:(592) 22-57051, Fax: (592) 226-3395

E-Mail: Luncheon@sdnp.org.gy

Country profile

Official Name: Conventional long form: Cooperative Republic of Guyana. Former: British Guiana.

Capital: Georgetown

Area: Total: 214,970 sq km (land: 196,850 sq km water: 18,120 sq km)


Population density: 769,095 (July 2007)

Ethnic Groups: East Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%.

Religion: Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%.

Official Language: English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu.


Government: Republic

Currency: Guyanese Dollar (GYD)

Climate: Tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January).




Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006.


Administrative Divisions 10 Regions:

1. Barima-Waini,

2. Cuyuni-Mazaruni,

3. Demerara-Mahaica,

4. East Berbice-Corentyne,

5. Essequibo Islands-West Demerara,

6. Mahaica-Berbice,

7. Pomeroon-Supenaam,

8. Potaro-Siparuni,

9. Upper Demerara-Berbice,

10. Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo.


Boundary Disputes

Guyana was in a border dispute with both Suriname, which claimed the land east of the Corentyne River in southeastern Guyana, and Venezuela which claims the land west of the Essequibo River as part of Guayana Esequiba. The dispute with Suriname was arbitrated by the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea and a ruling in favor of Guyana was announced in September, 2007.

When the British surveyed British Guiana in 1840, they included the entire Cuyuni River basin within the colony. Venezuela did not agree with this as it claimed all lands west of the Essequibo River. In 1898, at Venezuela's request, an international arbitration tribunal was convened and in 1899 they issued an award giving about 94% percent of the disputed territory to British Guiana. Venezuela and Great Britain accepted the award by treaty in 1905. In 1962, Venezuela renewed its 19th century claim, alleging that the arbitration award was invalid. The British and the Guyanese rejected this renewed claim, and efforts by all the parties to resolve the matter on the eve of Guyana's independence in 1966 failed. On 17 February 1966, in Geneva, the parties agreed in principle to settle the dispute peacefully, but no other agreement was reached. Later in 1966, Venezuela occupied and annexed the Guyanese half of Ankoko Island in the Cuyuni River. On 18 June 1970, at the Port of Spain meetings of the Caribbean nations, Venezuela and Guyana signed a protocol placing a moratorium on discussions on the border issue for a period of twelve years. The moratorium expired and was not renewed. The only current agreement recognized by both sides is a semi-official agreement between the Guyanese Defense Force and the Venezuelan Army signed in 1990. Venezuelan maps after 1962 started to show the territory as disputed or labeled it Zona en Reclamación (the "zone in process of reclamation"). After 1982, Venezuelan maps started to show Guayana Esequiba as an integral part of Venezuela without any indication that it was under Guyanese administration and in dispute.


Public Health:

Service Delivery

The delivery of health services is provided at five different levels in the public sector:

• Level I: Local Health Posts (166 in total) that provide preventive and simple curative care for common diseases and attempt to promote proper health practices. Community health workers staff them.

• Level II: Health Centers (109 in total) that provide preventive and rehabilitative care and promotion activities. These are ideally staffed with a medical extension worker or public health nurse, along with a nursing assistant, a dental nurse and a midwife.

• Level III: Nineteen District Hospitals (with 473 beds) that provide basic in-patient and outpatient care (although more the latter than the former) and selected diagnostic services. They are also meant to be equipped to provide simple radiological and laboratory services, and to be capable of gynecology, providing preventive and curative dental care. They are designed to serve geographical areas with populations of 10,000 or more.

• Level IV: Four Regional Hospitals (with 620 beds) that provide emergency services, routine surgery and obstetrical and gynecological care, dental services, diagnostic services and specialist services in general medicine and pediatrics. They are designed to include the necessary support for this level of medical service in terms of laboratory and X-ray facilities, pharmacies and dietetic expertise. These hospitals are located in Regions 2, 3, 6 and 10.

• Level V: The National Referral Hospital (937 beds) in Georgetown that provides a wider range of diagnostic and specialist services, on both an in-patient and out-patient basis; the Psychiatric Hospital in Canje; and the Geriatric Hospital in Georgetown. There is also one children’s rehabilitation center.


This system is structured so that its proper functioning depends intimately on a process of referrals. Except for serious emergencies, patients are to be seen first at the lower levels, and those with problems that cannot be treated at those levels are referred to higher levels in the system. However, in practice, many patients by-pass the lower levels.

The health sector is currently unable to offer certain sophisticated tertiary services and specialized medical services, the technology for which is unfordable in Guyana, or for which the required medical specialists simply do not exist. Even with substantial improvements in the health sector, the need for overseas treatment for some services might remain. The Ministry of Health provides financial assistance to patients requiring such treatment, priority being given to children whose condition can be rehabilitated with significant improvements to their quality of life. In addition to the facilities mentioned above, there are 10 hospitals belonging to the private sector and to public corporations, plus diagnostic facilities, clinics and dispensaries in those sectors. These ten hospitals together, provide for 548 beds. Eighteen clinics and dispensaries are owned by GUYSUCO.

The Ministry of Health and Labour is responsible for the funding of the National Referral Hospital in Georgetown, which has recently been made a public corporation managed by an independent Board. Region 6 is responsible for the management of the National Psychiatric Hospital. The Geriatric Hospital, previously administered by the Ministry of Labour, became the responsibility of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security in December 1997.


Health conditions

One of the most unfortunate consequences of Guyana's economic decline in the 1970s and 1980s because of the rule of the PNC (People's National Congress) was that it led to very poor health conditions for a large part of the population. Basic health services in the interior are primitive to non-existent and some procedures are not available at all. The U.S. State Department Consular Information Sheet warns "Medical care is available for minor medical conditions. Emergency care and hospitalization for major medical illnesses or surgery is limited, because of a lack of appropriately trained specialists, below standard in-hospital care, and poor sanitation. Ambulance service is substandard and may not routinely be available for emergencies."

The picture in regard to morbidity patterns differs. The ten leading causes of morbidity for all age groups are, in decreasing order: malaria; acute respiratory infections; symptoms, signs and ill defined or unknown conditions; hypertension; accident and injuries; acute diarrheal disease; diabetes mellitus; worm infestation; rheumatic arthritis; and mental and nervous disorders.

This morbidity profile indicates that it can be improved substantially through enhanced preventive health care, better education on health issues, more widespread access to potable water and sanitation services, and increased access to basic health care of good quality. Guyana also suffers from the highest suicide rate of any South America country. The Guyana Health Minister, Leslie Ramsammy, estimates that at least 200 people commit suicide each year in Guyana, or 27.2 people for each 100,000 people each year.


Sources: CIA Factbook/Wikipedia/GINA/Reliefweb

Climate change


Progress towards the implementation of the HFA

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

HFA P4 - Risk applications:

HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

Others Documents:

In the XIX Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Permanent Mechanism of Consultation and Policy Concertation - Rio Group- subscribing the ‎DECLARATION OF TURKEYEN(March 2007).

Rehab. Plan 2004-2008.

Country Programm Document for Guyana (2006/2010)October 2005.

CHAPTER 4 JICA PILLARS OF AID


Web Links:

Information from Ministry of Health:NEWS HEALTH ABOUT GUYANA

PREVENTION WEB:Projects and Initiatives

RELIEF WEB

GINA: GOVERNMENT INFORMATION AGENCY.

MDG Profile: Guyana

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