Ecuador

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Contents

HFA National Reports

National Report 2008 / HFA Monitor Online Report: Submitted

National Report 2007: National Report on the Implementation of the HFA (2007) - Ecuador (Spanish)

National Report 2006: No reported

National Report 2005: National Report in preparation for WCDR (2005) – Ecuador (Spanish)

National platform:

No National Platform reported


HFA National Focal Point:

Secretaría Nacional de Gestión de Riesgos

(National Secretariat for Risk Management)

URL: www.snriesgos.gob.ec


National Focal point / Official contact person:

María del Pilar Cornejo de Grunauer, Minister


Technical focal point:

Cecilia Menoscal

International Cooperation Advisor (Asesora de Cooperación Internacional)

E-mail: cmenoscal@snriesgos.gob.ec

Other contacts

Permanent Mission of the Republic of Ecuador to the United Nations in Geneva

Chief:

His Excellency Mr. Mauricio Montalvo

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

Permanent Representative

Address: Rue de Lausanne 80-82 (4th floor), 1202 Geneva

Tel: +(41-22) 732-4955, Fax: +41-22) 732-4834

E-mail: onuginebra@mmrree.gov.ec

URL: http://www.mmrree.gov.ec


UN System Coordination

UNDG: UNCT Ecuador


UN Resident Coordinator

Mr. Rene Mauricio Valdes

UN Resident Coordinator / UNDP Resident Representative

Address: Av. Amazonas no. 2889 entre av. Mariana de Jesús y La Granja, P.O. Box 1703-4731, Quito - Ecuador

Tel: (+593-2) 246-0330 / Fax: (+593-2) 246-1960/1

E-mail: rene.mauricio.valdes@undp.org, registry.ec@undp.org


Risk Management Technical Secretariat

(Secretaría Técnica de Gestión de Riesgos)

Under the direction of the Ministry for Coordination of Internal and External Security, and by executive decree #1046-A, National Civil Defense is now part of the newly created Risk Management Technical Secretariat as of May 2008.


Ecuatorian International Cooperation Agency (AGECI)

(Agencia Ecuatoriana de Cooperación Internacional - AGECI)

Appointed by the National Secretary of Development and Planning (Secretaría Nacional de Planificación y Desarrollo -SENPLADES) on January 1, 2008; AGECI replaces the previously known INECI - Ecuatorian International Cooperation Institute and is responsible for carrying out, evaluating and providing follow-up to non-reimbursable international cooperation projects.

Address: Ave. 6 de Diciembre N31-89 y Alpallana. Quito

Tel: (593-2) 255-9755, 222-3661

Note: AGECI's International Cooperation Unit, responsible for liaison and coordination with foreing governments and AGECI, is within the General Coordination Office of the Ministry of Foreign Relations, Commerce and Integration.


PAHO/WHO Field Office

Contact person: Dr. Jorge Luis Prosperi, PAHO/WHO Representative

Address: Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, Av. Amazonas 2889 y Mariana de Jesús Quito, Ecuador / Apartado Postal 17-07-8982, Quito, Ecuador

Phone: (+593-2)2460-330/2460-332/2460-296/2460-215 / Fax: 2460-325

E-mail: dvictoria@ecu.ops-oms.org

Website: [hppt://www.opsecu.org.ec www.opsecu.org.ec]


Ecuadorian Civil Defense:

Address: Amazonas y Villalengua Esq. Primer Piso, Quito, Ecuador.

Phone:(+593-2) 2439-918/2449-682/2258-964 / Fax: (+593-2)2439-918

E-mail: [dndcecuador@defensacivil.gov.ec dndcecuador@defensacivil.gov.ec]

Website:www.defensacivil.gov.ec/index.html


National Secretariat of Planning and Development (SENPLADES)

Address: Benalcázar 679 y Chile, Edificio La Unión, 4to piso, Quito, Provincia de Pichincha

Phone: (+593-2) 295-0399/258-0737 / Fax: (+593-2) 258-0575

E-mail: senplades@presidencia.gov.ec

Website: www.presidencia.gov.ec/modulos


Ministry of Public Health

Address: Planta Central, Quito, Ecuador

Phone: (+5932) 297-2900 Ext:2841 / Fax: (+5932) 256-9786

E-mail: despacho@msp.gov.ec

Website: www.msp.gov.ec/


Ministry of Environment

Address: Avenida Eloy Alfaro y Amazonas, Quito, Ecuador

Phone: (+593)-2-2563429 / 2563430

E-mail: mma@ambiente.gov.ec

Website: www.ambiente.gov.ec/


Geophysical Institute of Ecuador

Address: Campus Ing. José Rubén Orellana, Apartado 2759, Quito (

Phone: (+593-2) 256-7847

Website: www.igepn.edu.ec

Country Profile:

Official Name: Republic of Ecuador

Capital: Quito

Population: 13,755,680 (July 2007 est.)

Area: 283,560 sq km

Religion: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%

Language: Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)

Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%

Government: Republic

Currency: US Dollar



Geographical description:

Ecuador, for its geographical location at the equator, in a tropical zone of relative calm, it is not exposed to atmospheric currents that produce large cyclones, typhoons or severe air turbulence, thereby dragging bodies of water that cause flooding large. However, it receives in the form cyclical influence of ocean currents and ocean phenomena in the Pacific, particularly the Humboldt current - that comes from Antarctica - the current underwater or equatorial flow of Cromwell in the north or current warm El Niño. All determine to a large extent the climate and rainfall in the country, especially on the coast and Galapagos, and to a lesser extent in the mountains and the Amazon region of Ecuador.

Its location inside the area known as the "Belt of Fire Pacific" and the presence of the Andes Mountains are perhaps the factors that make the Ecuadorian territory is subject to disasters caused by intense volcanic and seismic activity, which has caused destruction intense. In fact, by being located in a convergent margins of tectonic plates, the country is exposed to the effects of events geological origin, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, land movements, tsunami, and events of hydrometeorological origin.

The consequences of these events have caused enormous human and material losses. It is therefore important to promote risk management at local and national levels to reduce and possibly eliminate the impact caused by such phenomena.

One of the measures is to reduce vulnerability mapping of risk for specific events. There are already in the country geological maps, oceanographic and hydrometeorological, produced by different institutions, including the National Directorate of Civil Defence, universities, polytechnics and NGOs. Examples of these maps are:

-- Location of volcanic threats of Cotopaxi, Imbabura, Guagua Pichincha, Cayambe, among others developed by the Geophysical Institute of the National Polytechnic School. -- Location threatened by movements of land in Bay, Charapotó, Tosagua, Montecristi, Carchi and Imbabura, developed by the National Directorate of Civil Defence and the National Polytechnic School. -- Location threatened by floods in the provinces of Guayas and El Oro, by the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology and early warning systems for floods in several towns on the coast (NGOs). -- Location sismotectónico of Ecuador (National Directorate of Civil Defence - Polytechnic Army). -- Location of seismic accelerations of Ecuador (National Polytechnic School). -- Maps of vulnerability by events tsunamigénicos (National Directorate for Civil Defense and Army Polytechnic).

The scale of these maps are diverse and scales have been lifted from 1:10.000 to regional scales 1:1.000.000. There is no unified system for managing the maps in a single geographic information system, integrating vulnerability of the population and infrastructure.


Institutional Party

Although there are no strategic policies defined at the national level, Ecuador with national laws and regulations governing the various areas of prevention, care, rehabilitation and reconstruction, developing a number of initiatives to incorporate risk management in the sector (for example: drinking water and sanitation, health and energy). Still there is a national coordinating body and multisectoral collaboration in the area of risk reduction, but the country has the National System of Civil Defense, the National Planning and Coordination Unit of the Emergency Program for Addressing Natural Phenomena, that efforts in this direction.

The National Security Act and its regulations contain the rules defining the National System of Civil Defense, the responsibilities and roles of the National Directorate of Civil Defence, as a unit of the General Secretariat of the National Security Council, the Civil Defense Units each ministry, and territorial level, the Provincial Boards of Civil Defense agencies as planning, advice, coordination, implementation and monitoring within their respective jurisdictions. Art. 87 of the Act defines the National System of Civil Defense as "the set of agencies and organizations from the public and private sectors, national, provincial, municipal, parish and neighborhood, which consists executed by coordinating actions permanent protection of the population and their property, before, during and after a disaster caused by phenomena of nature or effects of the intervention of man. " Its main functions are: preventing disasters to reduce or prevent damage; aid plan and organize the people to overcome the circumstances of disaster or calamity; seek emergency rehabilitation of the affected population, in order to ensure standardization vital; and raise awareness of their responsibilities for the Civil Defense and their active participation in it.

While the above constitutes the main body of the legal and regulatory framework existing in Ecuador, some laws and executive orders, at various times and in the face of various events, have created programs, agencies or corporations in principle of a temporary nature, but with the time have become permanent and which are parallel and delivery functions similar to those that have the National System of Civil Defense. In particular, it can be mentioned the case of COPEFEN () 740 1997, to deal with the impact caused by this phenomenon, and which subsequently was expanded their powers, to tackle natural disasters in the country, superimposing duplicating functions and institutional efforts.

In addition, Ecuador is participating at the subregional level in the definition of strategic policies, laws and regulations across the Andean Committee for Disaster Prevention and Response (CAPRADE) and the Andean Program for the Prevention and Mitigation of Risks (PREANDINO).

Moreover, the National Secretariat of Planning and Development (SENPLADES, former ODEPLAN) has been taking important initiatives in terms of momentum for a comprehensive policy on risk management and for the inclusion of the topic in the planning. In addition, as coordinator in Ecuador, driven by CAF, and as one of the representatives of the country in CAPRADE, has proposed and developed a series of activities, especially in the area of policy (National Plan for Risk Management, plans Industry, etc.). in development tools (Geographic Information System, methodologies, etc..).

In the country there are various initiatives, especially important developments at the national, territorial and sectoral (development of risk reduction programmes by governments sectoral autonomous (subnational level, provincial and cantonal); structuring of seven clusters, corresponding different productive areas of basic services and greater involvement and vulnerabilities; studies of vulnerability to climate change from agriculture, forestry, marine and coastal water resources.

In connection with risk maps in the country was conducted gathering, systematization of information and digitization of maps of threats in a geographic information system at the national and provincial levels (1:1000.000) (1:250,000), in charge of SENPLADES-SINAGRO-7. (This information is available to the general public, public and private agencies.)


Source: UN/ISDR The Americas / CIA The World Factbook

Climate change


Progress

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

HFA P4 - Risk applications: N/A

HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

Other Areas:

Other Documents:

2do Informe Nacional de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio y el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo - Secretaría Nacional de Planificación y Desarrollo (SENPLADES)


Web Links:

PreventionWeb Country profiles - Natural Disaster - Ecuador Data and Statistics

EM-DAT Country Profile - Natural Disaster - Ecuador

ReliefWeb Countries and Emergencies - Ecuador

UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Europe - Ecuador

Proyecto Apoyo a la Prevención de Desastres en la Comunidad Andina PREDECAN

(CIIFEN) International Research Centre un "El Niño"

MDG Profile: Ecuador

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