Cuba

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Contents

HFA National Reports:

National Report 2007: no reported

National Report 2006: no reported

National Report 2005: no reported


National Platform:

No National Platform reported


HFA National Focal Point:

Cuban Civil Defense, Disaster Office

Address: Calle 18, esquina A7a, Avenida Miramar, La Habana

Phone:(+53-7)864-0024 /864-0110 / fax:(+537) 33-2780

E-mail: ond@infomed.sid.cu

Website: http://www.cubagob.cu/otras_info/minfar/defcivil/


Contact person:

Ramón Pardo Guerra

Comandante en Jefe

--- Technical contact:

Jorge Peguero

Tel: 864-0024, 864-0110

E-mail: peguero@dcn.co.cu

Other Contacs:

UNDP resident coordinator:

Contac Person: Mrs. Susan McDade, Resident Representative, Res Coordinator UNDP

Address: Calle 18, No. 110, Miramar Playa, La Habana, Cuba

Phone: (+53-7) 204 1492 / Fax:(+53-7) 204 1516,

E-mail: registry.cu@undp.org

Website: [hptt://www.undp.org.cu hptt://www.undp.org.cu]


Carribean Risk Managment Iniciative, Cuba:

Contact Person: Karen Benard, Programme Manager

Other Contact: Rosendo Mesías, Asociado de Programa

Address: UNDP Cuba, Calle 18, No. 110, Miramar Playa, La Habana, Cuba

Phone: (+53-7) 204 1513, ext. 211

Email: Karen.bernard@undp.org

Website: http://www.onu.org.cu/crmi


PAHO/WHO Field Office, Cuba

Contact Person: Dra. Lea Guido, Representative.

Address: Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, Calle 4 No. 407, entre 17 y 19 Vedado, La Habana, Cuba. / C.P. 10400, Apartado Postal 68, La Habana, Cuba

Phone: (+53-7)831-0245/8944/838-2526/2527 / Fax: (+53-7) 833-2075/66-2075

E-mail: [pwr@cub.ops-oms.org pwr@cub.ops-oms.org] / [cruzmari@cub.ops-oms.org cruzmari@cub.ops-oms.org]

Website: http://www.cub.ops-oms.org


Cuban Red Cross:

Contac Person:Dr. Ali José Arbid Mas

Address:Sede Nacional Calle 20 No. 707 e/ 7ma y 29. Miramar Cuba.

Phone: (+53-7)2061405/206-1055.

Email: crsn@infomed.sld.cu

Website: http://www.cruzrojacubana.sld.cu/


National Reference Center for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (PREMIDES/CECAT/ISPJAE)

Address: Calle 127 s/n Marianao, Apdo. 19390, Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba

Phone/fax: (+53-7) 20-1729

E-mail: llanes@cecat.cujae.edu.cu

Website: http://www.cujae.edu.cu/centros/cecat/html/premides.htm


Universidad del Oriente. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil:

Address: Avenida Las Américas s/n Casero. Santiago de Cuba, Cuba

Phone: (53-226) 64-2908

E-mail: josen@fco.uo.edu.cu

Website: http://www.uo.edu.cu/


Country profile:

Official name: Republic of Cuba

Capital: Havana

Population: 11.3 million

Density: 101.9 people per sq km

Total area: 110,860 sq km

Languages: Spanish*, English, French, Chinese

Government: Communist state

Ethnic groups: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%

Religions: Roman Catholic; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented

Currency: Cuban Peso

Position in HDI: 52°


Cuba is located at the western Caribbean Sea, between latitudes north 210 º 51 '40and 230 ° 17' 09and longitude west 740 º 07 '52and 840 º 57' 54. The Cuban archipelago has an area of 110,860 sq km and includes the islands of Cuba, Juventud and 3,715 cays. Presents three mountain which represent 17% of the total area and the rest are broad plains generally suitable for farming.

It has been identified as tropical cyclones events represent greatest danger for Cuba, given the harmful elements that are associated (upwelling tide or storm, heavy rains and high winds). The history of Cuba has been prolific on record the passage through its territory of major hurricanes. In an average season formed ten named tropical cyclones, six of them can reach hurricane status, two of whom it classifies as intense. Other hazards identified significant for the country are flooding coastal upwelling or associated with tropical cyclones, cold fronts and wind from the south (sures), flooding (flood) associated with sudden heavy rains and drought.

The low-lying coastal areas, such as southern province of Havana, south of the area from Ciego de Avila to Cabo Cruz and the north coast from Camaguey to Varadero, are the most endangered by coastal flooding. The areas of greatest risk for sudden floods are located in settlements population mountain ranges and rivers downstream from dams or reservoirs. Areas East Central and Eastern, particularly the coastal strip south of the province of Guantanamo, are the most endangered by drought.

Institutional Level

Exposure to natural hazards for the population and economy, as well as levels of existing vulnerability, originate mainly in the way they historically occurred settlement of the inhabitants and the development of various economic activities in the country ( historical vulnerability), as well as the deterioration and aging of the housing fund, the absence (until the beginning of the sixties) of land management policies, building codes, regulations heritage, measures to protect the population, among others (Vulnerability accumulated). As a result of the political will of the Cuban government, bodies and agencies, economic entities and social institutions, professionals, technicians and the general public, have developed policies, strategies and measures for the prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, rehabilitation and reconstruction in disaster situations, which have contributed significantly in reducing the vulnerability of the population and the economy. Among the key measures include:

• The development of a legislative body, especially concerning the system of civil defense measures and those that require mandatory inclusion of measures for disaster reduction in the process of development planning and investment projects. • Improving the quality of people's lives. The right to health, education, culture, decent work, social security and labor, among others. • Implementation of structural type measures, such as building dams, dikes, aqueducts and sewers, for the benefit of the population and the economy. • Developing and strengthening institutional capacities and human resources, with emphasis on land use planning and urban development, systems monitoring and surveillance to various dangers, as well as the direction, coordination and control of the civil defence measures, among others .

In Cuba have implemented mechanisms that contribute to ensuring the risk management and sustainable human settlements. One is the process of reconciliation, to which reference has been made, new investment in housing and settlements with the interests of the Civil Defense. Major advances in reducing risks include: the application of legal norms and instrumentation consisting of technical support and the realization of an integrated management and sustainable settlement that addresses the issue of natural hazards, which joins conducting research aimed at identifying and further threats, levels of vulnerability, risk elements in each territory with national and international financing, contributing to the shaping of this response strategies at all levels of the territory, with the active participation of the public and other stakeholders, particularly within the framework of [www.crid.or.cr/crid/CD_EIRD_Informa/esp/revista/No1_2001/pagina13.htm the System of Civil Defense Measures].


Source: UN/ISDR The Americas


Progress

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

HFA P4 - Risk applications:

HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

Other Documents:

Caribbean Risk Management Initiative, Annual Report, 2006

CHAPTER 4 JICA PILLARS OF AID


Web Links:

PreventionWeb Country Profile - Natural Disaster, Cuba Data and Statistics

EM_DAT Country Profile-Natural Disaster, Cuba

ReliefWeb Countries and Emergencies, Cuba

Caribbean Risk Managment Iniciative (CRMI/PNUD) Cuba

Official Website Cuban Government

The Latin American Center for Disaster Medicine (CLAMED)

Website Cuban Health

MDG Profile: Cuba

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