Argentina

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Contents

HFA National Reports

National Report 2008: 2008 HFA Monitor National Report - Argentina (HFA Monitor Report; Spanish)

National Report 2007: National Report on the Implementation of the HFA (2007) - Argentina (Spanish)

National Report 2006: Unreported

National Report 2005:National Report in Preparation for WCDR (2005) - Argentina


National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction

Plataforma Nacional para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres/ Argentina


Contact information:

Comisión Cascos Blancos

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio Internacional y Culto

Av. Leandro N. Alem 884, piso 3º

(1001) Buenos Aires

Argentina

Tel (+54-11) 4310 2100, Fax (+54-11) 4312 0152

Email: comca@mrecic.gov.ar


National Platform focal point and contact information:

Embajador Gabriel Marcelo Fuks

Presidente

Comisión Cascos Blancos

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio Internacional y Culto

Av. Leandro N. Alem 884, piso 3º

(1001) Buenos Aires

Argentina

Tel: (+54-11) 4310-2112

E-mail: gfu@mrecic.gov.ar


Dr. Roberto Ippolito

Director

Dirección Nacional de Protección Civil

Ministerio del Interior

Av. San Juan 2776, piso 6º

(1232) Buenos Aires

Argentina

Tel: (+54-11) 4943-9828

E-mail: rippolito@ssi.mininterior.gov.ar


Coordinador Ejecutivo de la Plataforma Nacional:

Dr. Carlos E. Zaballa

Coordinador General Naciones Unidas-Cascos Blancos

Av. Leandro N. Alem 884, piso 3º

(1001) Buenos Aires

Argentina

Tel: (+54-11) 4310 2107

E-mail: zce@mrecic.gov.ar


National Platform composition:

The National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction is comprised of representatives of the following institutions:

  • Dirección Nacional de Protección Civil, Ministerio del Interior
  • Comisión Cascos Blancos, Cancillería
  • Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable, Jefatura Gabinete
  • Subsecretaría de Desarrollo Territorial, Ministerio de Planificación Federal
  • Ministerio de Desarrollo Social de la Nación
  • Ministerio de Defensa
  • Ministerio de Educación de la Nación
  • Subsecretaría de Asuntos Municipales, Ministerio del Interior
  • Agencia de Protección Ambiental, Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires
  • H. Cámara de Diputados de la Nación
  • Universidad de Buenos Aires, Vicerrectorado
  • Universidad del Salvador, IIDEC
  • Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Arquitectura
  • Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Medicina
  • Universidad Nacional de Gral. Sarmiento
  • Instituto Geográfico Militar
  • CARITAS Argentina
  • Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica
  • Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear
  • Cruz Roja Argentina
  • Subsecretaría de Emergencias, Provincia de Córdoba
  • Habitat para la Humanidad/Argentina
  • Federación Argentina de Asuntos Municipales (FAM)
  • Sociedad Argentina de Psicólogos en Emergencias y Desastres (SAPSED)
  • Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales
  • Prefectura Naval Argentina
  • Fundación ENLACES
  • REDHUM – Rosario, Pcia. Santa Fe
  • Dirección General de Asuntos Ambientales, DIGMA Cancillería
  • Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores, Cancillería
  • Dirección Provincial de Emergencias, Pcia. de Buenos Aires
  • ADRA (Adventistas)
  • Sociedad Argentina de Psicotrauma (SAPSI)
  • Fundación METROPOLITANA
  • Agencia RENA (periodismo en recursos naturales)
  • IRAM Argentina
  • Secretaría de Turismo de la Nación
  • Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Facultad de Odontología
  • Asociación Argentina de Compañías de Seguros
  • Consejo de Sociólogos de la Argentina
  • Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
  • Bomberos de la Policía Federal
  • Dirección de Organismos Internacionales, Cancillería
  • Asociación Médicos del Mundo
  • Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas
  • Asociación de Banco de la República Argentina (ABA)
  • Radio Nacional
  • Servicio de Hidrografía Naval
  • Universidad Nacional de Jujuy
  • Subsecretaría de Defensa Civil de la Provincia de Santa Fe
  • Secretaría Geológica Minera (SEGEMAR)
  • Subsecretaría de Urbanismo y Vivienda, Pcia. de Buenos Aires


Functioning or status of the National Platform for DRR:

  • Argentina's National Platform for DRR held its first meeting on October 2, 2007 at the Palacio San Martín (Cancillería Argentina) in which a representative of UNISDR Americas was present.
  • The second meeting was held on April 22, 2008 in which the National Platform was formally constituted, with the joint chairmanship of the Ministry of Foreign Relations (Comisión Cascos Blancos) and the Ministry of Interior (Subsecretariat of Development and Provincial Affairs, National Department of Civil Protection). During this meeting, participants demonstrated their interest in participating in specific themes according to the Hyogo Framework for Action's Priorities for Action.
  • August 21, 2008 marked the first set of meetings of the HFA Priorities for Action Working Groups (6 groups for each of the five priorities as well as a tranversal group). Based on these meetings, each of the groups established their work agenda and agreed to keep meeting independently.
  • A new meeting is planned for the National Platform in November / December (TBD) in which working groups will be given the opportunity to inform upon their activities and work.


Background

October 2007 - First high level meeting organized by MOFA (White Helmets) to discuss the development of the NP in Argentina:

The meeting, held at the San Martin Palace and opened by the Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Roberto Garcia Moritán, was attended by 70 participants representing 50 different organizations, from line-Ministries, academia, media and NGOs, including a sound number of local authorities. The participants welcomed the initiative of the MOFA and made explicit their commitment to be part of the NP. The organizers finished the meeting announcing that they will organize a follow up meeting in November (2007), with all the organizations present plus additional ones that were missing in this occasion (especially private sector), to set the foundations for the NP for DRR in Argentina.


Second meeting: April 2008

HFA National Focal Point

Comisión Cascos Blancos

Address: Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio Internacional y Culto.

Ave. L.N. Alem 884. 3er y 4to Piso, (C1001AAQ), Capital Federal, Argentina.

Contact Person: Embajador Gabriel M. Fuks, Presidente

E-mail: gfu@mrecic.gov.ar


Technical Focal Point / Alnternative Contact Person:

Carlos Zaballa, Coordinador

Coordinacion General ONU-Cascos Blancos

Tel: (00-54-11) 4310-2112/2107, Fax: (00-54-11) 4312-0152

E-mail: zce@mrecic.gov.ar


Other Focal Points

Deputy Focal Point:

Dirección Nacional de Protección Civil

Address: Secretaría de Seguridad Interior, Ministerio del Interior. Av. San Juan 2776, 6to Piso, C123AAW, Buenos Aires

Contact Person: Dr. Roberto Ippolito, Director Nacional.

Phone: +54-0011-4943-9879/88

E-mail: rippolito@ssi.gov.ar


Climatic Change Focal Point:

Unidad de Cambio Climático (Climate Change Unit)

Address: Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable. Reconquista, 55 (Entrepiso), Buenos Aires.

Contact Person: Nazareno Castillo Marín, Director

Tel: (54-11) 4348-8260, Fax: (54-11) 4348-8407

E-mail: ncastillo@ambiente.gov.ar


Adaptation to Climatic Changes Focal Point:

Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable (Secretariat of Environment and Sustainable Development)

Address: San Martín 451, Piso 1º Oficina 133. Buenos Aires

Contact Person: Lucas di Pietro, Coordinador

Tel: (54-11) 4348-8315, fax: (54-11) 4348-8407

E-mail: ldipietro@ambiente.gov.ar


Other Contacts

Permanent Mission of the Argentine Republic to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva

Chief:

His Excellency Mr. Alberto J. Dumont

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

Permanent Representative

Address: Route de l'Aéroport 10 (2nd floor), 1215 Geneva 15

Tel: +(41-22) 929-8600, Fax: +(41-22) 798-5995

Email: mission.argentina@ties.itu.int

URL: http://www3.itu.ch/MISSIONS/argentin


UN System Coordination

UNDG: UNCT Argentina


Resident Coordinator Office

Mr. Carlos Felipe Martinez

UN Resident Coordinator / UNDP Resident Representative

Esmeralda 130, Casilla de Correo 2257, F. 12 & 13, 1035 Buenos Aires

Tel: 00(54-11) 4320-8700 / 1, Fax: 00(54-11) 4320-8754 / 8708

E-mail: carlos.f.martinez@undp.org, registry.ar@undp.org

URL:: http://www.undp.org.ar


UN Inter-Agency Support:

Mrs. Natalia Aquilino, Coordination Associate

Tel: (54-11-4) 320-8748

Email: natalia.aquilino@undp.org


Mr. Miguel Lengyel, Coordination Analyst

Tel: (54-11-4) 320-8721

E-mail: miguel.lengyel@undp.org


UN Country Team

Mr. Carlos-Felipe Martinez , Resident Coordinator , UNDP

Mr. Bernardo Kosacoff , Director , ECLAC

Mr. Javier González-Olaechea , Director , ILO

Mr. José Antonio Pagés , Representative , PAHO/WHO

Ms. Cristian Koch-Castro , Representative , UNHCR

Mr. Felipe Saez , Director , WB

Ms. María Costa Pinto , Director , UNIC

Mrs. Gladys Acosta , Representative , UNICEF

Vacant , Representative , FAO

Mr. Gastón Gelos , Representative , IMF

Mrs. Eleonor Faur , Liasson Officer , FNUAP

Mrs. Rubén Mayorga , Southern Cone Coordinator , UNAIDS

Mr Lorenzo Jimenez de Luis , Deputy Resident Representative , UNDP System

Mrs. Ana Falú , Regional Director , UNIFEM

Mr. Alberto Di Liscia , Director , UNIDO

Mrs. Natalia Aquilino , Coordination Support , UNDP/ORC

Mr. Miguel Lengyel , Coordination Support , UNDP/ORC

Updated : 18.6.2008 UNCT Argentina



Others

Sistema Federal de Emergencias (SIFEM)

Address: Gelly y Obes 2289 (1425), Ciudad Buenos Aires.

Phone: (54-11) 4809-1691/1694 (24 hs.)

E-mail: proteccioncivil@ssi.gov.ar

Web site: Sistema Federal de Emergencias (SIFEM)


Ministerio de Planificación Federal, Inversión Pública y Servicios

Address: H. Yrigoyen 250 Piso 11º of. 1112 (1109), Ciudad de Buenos Aires

Phone:(54-11) 4349-5000/5010/5020

E-mail: webmaster@minplan.gov.ar

Web site: Ministerio de Planificación Federal, Inversión Pública y Servicios


Ministerio de Educación, Ciencia y Tecnología

Address: Pizzurno 935 (1020) Cdad. Autónoma de Buenos Aires

Phone: (54-11) 4129-1000 / (54-11) 4129-1000

Web site: Ministerio de Educación, Ciencia y Tecnología


Ministerio de Desarrollo Social y Medio Ambiente

Address: Av. 9 de Julio 1925 (1332) Cdad. Autónoma de Buenos Aires

Phone: (54-11) 4379-3600

Web site: Ministerio de Desarrollo Social y Medio Ambiente


Ministerio de Salud

Address: Av. 9 de Julio 1925 (C1073ABA) 1332, Buenos Aires República Argentina

Phone: (54-11) 4379-9000/9016

E-mail: jvilosio@msal.gov.ar / consultas@msal.gov

Web site: Ministerio de Salud


Dirección Nacional de Protección Civil (DNPC)

Address: Secretaría Seguridad Interior, Av. Callao 970, 2 P Gelly y Obes 2289, Buenos Aires. Código Postal 1425

Tel/Fax: (541) 4809-1691 / 4809-1694

Web site: Dirección Nacional de Protección Civil (DNPC)


Centro de Estrategias Territoriales para el Mercosur (CETEM)

Address: Universidad de Cuyo. Departamento de Geografía, Mendoza, Argentina

Phone: (54-0261) 449-4006 / 449-4007 - Fax: (54-261) 438-0457

E-mail: cetem@raiz.uncu.edu.ar

Web site: Centro de Estrategias Territoriales para el Mercosur (CETEM)


Instituto Nacional de Prevención Sísmica - INPRES

Address: Roger Balet 47 – Norte, 5400 - San Juan, Buenos Aires.

Phone: (54-264) 4239010 / 423-9011 - Fax: (54-264) 4234463 - 4239016

E-mail: info@inpres.gov.ar

Web: Instituto Nacional de Prevención Sísmica - INPRES


Secretaria de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable

Address: San Martín 451, C1004AAI C. de Buenos Aires.

Phone: (54-11) 4348 8200 - Fax (54-11) 4348 8300

Web: Secretaria de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable


Country profile:

Official Name: Argentine Republic
Capital: Buenos Aires
Population: 39537943 (July 2005)
Area: 2,766,890 km2
Population density: 14 hab/Km2
Religion: Roman Catholic 92%, Protestant 2%, 2% Jews and others 4%
Language: Spanish
Ethnic groups: Whites 97%, mestizos, Amerindians and other groups 3%
Government: Republic
Currency: Peso Argentino
Position in the HDI: 34 °


The geographical location of the Argentine Republic, its territorial size and population distribution expose the country to suffer all kinds of disasters caused by agents of nature. Moreover, energy and industrial development, as well as that of its neighbours-united to MERCOSUR, the expose suffer technological disasters.

All this means that the population is subject to multiple hazards, aggravated by the development model in which productive agricultural production-livestock component represents the greatest impact on the foreign trade of the country.

The consequences of the disaster are manifest not only with human injuries and deaths but also serious impacts on the economy, subtracting resources that could turn in addressing the needs of affected populations and in the implementation of sustainable development programmes in the regional economies. In strict economic terms, is the nation with the highest risk in Latin America.

The main causes of risk are: floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, severe storms and technological disasters. Within the developing world, Argentina is among the seven countries whose vulnerability to flooding includes more than 1.1 percent of GDP. The most affected areas are the country's coastline and the Mesopotamia, where the major tributaries of the River Plate Basin have flood vast lands along their courses. The overflow of these rivers tends to flood frequently huge lowland areas, including urbanized areas of major cities such as Buenos Aires, Rosario, Santa Fe, La Plata and Resistance.

The province of San Juan is located west of the Argentine territory in the area with higher seismicity of the country, there were at least five destructive historical earthquakes. Furthermore, the seismic activity of Salta is one of the most intense in the country. This province has suffered from numerous earthquakes affecting different populations, especially its capital and located in the eastern part of its territory.

Argentina is also a country where the volcanic process is a risk factor: the Andes, which corresponds to a magmatic arc, introduced many devices that have been in volcanic activity since the beginning of the Miocene (23 million years ago ) to the present. The country is prone to frequent flooding caused by the river flooding, accumulation of heavy rains and to a lesser extent, the rapid melting of snow.

Current regulations in Argentina over reducing the risk of disasters is provided for in Decree 1250/99 created by the Federal Emergency System (SIFEM). This body nationally articulates competent national government agencies and coordinates its actions with the provinces, the Government of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and municipalities to prevent and manage efficiently the attention of emergencies to natural disasters or man-made. The objectives of SIFEM are primarily constitute an area of coordination aimed at preventing or reducing loss of life, property damage and social and economic disruption caused by phenomena of natural origin or man-made, improving governance, establishing a coordination the national, provincial and local levels of all sectors which have competence in the field, through the formulation of policies and the definition of courses coordinated and comprehensive action to prevent, mitigate and help from the state for those affected by emergencies, optimizing resource allocation.

Thanks to the decree 1066/2004 to modification of the Law of Ministries, the Ministry of Interior has strengthened its functions.

With regard to the plans or sectoral initiatives that incorporate concepts of risk reduction in each respective area of development, in Argentina are carried out government policies that are translated into action programmes both local and inter-community and for the control and management of water resources (Province of Buenos Aires, Cuenca del Salado; province of Chaco and Santa Fe, under submeridionales, and so on.), education (Mendoza province, seismic annual exercise in school institutes across the province, among others).

With regard to the establishment in the country of codes of practice and standards for buildings that take into account the seismic risk, are carried out procedures for training and education for the mitigation of seismic risk and the control of anti-seismic building standards in the cities of mentioned provinces. The National Institute of Seismic Prevention advises in the normalization of urban building codes, as well as the inspection and testing of structures.

In May 2003, the presidency of the nation signed an agreement for the follow up of the Millennium Development Goals and the Plan of Implementation for Sustainable Development with the resident representative in Argentina UNDP to implement relevant actions in the field of nation state.

Source: ISRD


Climate Change

Final report of the International Meeting on Adaptation to Climate Change and Integrated Local Risk Management (1.12 MB; Spanish)

Junín, Mendoza, Argentina; 17-19 September 2007 (Published September 2008)

Progress

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework

New draft on “Civil Protection Law” aiming at a more articulated National Civil Protection System

Commitment to establishing a DRR National Platform with several preparatory activities planned in 2007.

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

Establishment of a geographical information system based on satellite images and digital cartography. All the provincial directions of civil defense have been equipped with such system.

Collaboration agreement between EEUU, Italy, France, Canada, Brazil and Argentina on satellites matters for a better understanding of climate change.

First step on the establishment of early warning system for volcanoes.

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

Continued education program led by the civil defense.

Development of a risk analysis methodology and framework.

HFA P4 - Risk applications: N/A

HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

Development and revision of emergency contingency planes in the metropolitan area, Buenos Aires.

Establishment of facility for emergencies assessments .

Progress in establishing a call emergencies system to coordinate the work of the disaster emergency concerning the transportation of dangerous substances.

Source: Matrix Final - based on national progress report for the Global Platform

Others Areas:

Competence of Civil Protection at the national level:

National Direction for Civil Protection and Planning at the Ministry of Internal Security. Ministry of the Interior of Argentina.

"The National Direction for Civil Protection and Planning" is the agency that continues to exert the actions that were previously allocated to the National Direction of Civil Defence, which was dissolved.

Thus, 1996 was amended by decree the structure of the Ministry of Interior, at the same incorporating the Secretariat for Internal Security and assigns, among others, the task of formulating policies for the field of Civil Protection and coordinating and implementing actions prevention and response to natural disasters or man.

In this context, structure of the National Planning and Civil Protection is composed of the Office of Strategic Planning, Risk Analysis and Resource Coordination.

Thus, Argentina, the Civil Protection behaves as an integrated system into three tiers: the municipal, provincial and national levels. In case of emergency, the first response will be given by the local level. If you are overcome its operational capacity, will go in demand for assistance to the second level which is the provincial, and if necessary then it resorts to the Nation in demand for federal aid.

The primary responsibility of the Direction is to develop policies, research, planning and coordination of actions of civil protection, to prevent, avoid, reduce or mitigate the effects of natural disasters or man, and illegal by their nature are within its competence.

In pre-disaster, the main activities taking place are the risk analysis, planning, prevention and training. During the disaster and if requested federal aid, the main task is to coordinate the resources and means to react in the post-disaster activities are essential for rehabilitation. "

The RRD are integrated into the national curriculum Argentina

The fishery fastest growing in the world is close to the coast of Argentina and Uruguay

The soil salinization caused by irrigation affects 18.4 million hectares in the region, particularly in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru (1997)

Within the Latin American and Caribbean region, Brazil is the largest emitter of nitrous oxide, followed by Argentina and Colombia


Others Documents:

Situacion del Manejo de Cuencas en Argentina. November, 2002

Riesgo Hidrico, Inundaciones y Catastrofes en Argentina. March, 2004


Web Links:

Argentine Government Official Web Site

PreventionWeb Argentina Data and Statistic

EM-DAT Emergency Event Database, Argentina Country Profile

ISDR Hazard Profile Argentina

ReliefWeb Country and Statistic Argentina

Cruz Roja Argentina

Información geológica - SEGEMAR

Fundación Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (FARN)

Instituto Nacional de Prevencion Sismica (INPRES)

MDG Profile: Argentina

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