Martinique

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Contents

HFA National Reports:

National Report 2007: Unreported. We welcome submissions.

National Report 2006: Unreported. We welcome submissions.


National Platform:

Unreported.


National Focal Point:

Association pour la Prevencion des Risques Majeurs a la Martinique

Address: Immueble Panorama 972000, Fort de France, Martinique

Tel:+(596) 596-619343, Fax:+596-596-6162220


HFA Contact person: Mr. Didier Deris, President

E-mail:antilles-controles@wanadoo.fr

Other contacts:

PAHO-WHO Barbados and Eastern Caribbean Countries:

OECC serves the French Departments in the Americas (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Matinique)

Contact Person: Dr. Gina Watson, PWR-ECC, ,Office of the Eastern Caribbean Coordination

Address: Dayralls and Navy Garden Roads, Christ Church, Bridgetown, Barbados / P.O. Box 508, Bridgetown, Barbados

Phone: (+246) 426-3860/426-3865/427-9434 / Fax: 436-9779

E-mail: e-mail@cpc.paho.org

Website: www.cpc.paho.org

Country profile:

Official Name: Martinique

Capital City: Fort-de-France (100,080 inhabitants), the most populated and the main port of Martinique. A city with all the French style in full Caribbean, the capital of Martinique shows the best-Parisian-style fashion, customs, automobiles (Citroën and Renault), the art and culture of France.

Area: is an island in the eastern Caribbean Sea, having a land area of 1,128 km².

Location Martinique: 14 40 N, 61 00 W. Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Population: 432.900 (2007)

Ethnic Group: Before European colonization, Martinique was inhabited by at least two waves of Amerindian settlements. Initially, Arawak tribes lived on the island, of which only traces were found. At the time of European colonization, the Carib Indians had taken over the island.

Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan.

Official Languages: French, Creole patois, Antillean Creole.

Government: Republic, overseas department of France

Administrative Division: It is an overseas department of France. As with the other overseas departments, Martinique is also one of the twenty-six regions of France (being an overseas region) and an integral part of the Republic. As part of France, Martinique is part of the European Union . Its , although almost all of its inhabitants.

Currency: Euro (EUR)


Martinique was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1502, but not the Spaniards colonized. In the first half of the seventeenth century the French company on the islands of America settled there, then was occupied by Britain, and in 1674 the French government bought the island.

Like all the Caribbean islands, are ideal for tourism, either seeking white sand beaches in the south, the black sands of the beaches of the north, the creeks to perform diving, swimming, fishing, visiting reefs, known springs in hot springs, go mountain terrain, observe gorges, enter into wild places, see the beautiful flowers, like lilacs, orchids, and tropical fruit taste, as coconuts, pineapples and papayas.

Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de la Pagerie (1763-1814), known as Josephine de Beauharnais, who married in remarriage to Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island Martinique. The French empress who was the first wife of Napoleon, was repudiated by him, where was proclaimed Emperor.


Natural Hazards: Hurricanes (cyclones), Flooding, Volcanic Activity, Earthquake.


On November 29, 2007, Martinique experienced an earthquake registering a magnitude of 7.4.


Martinique is dominated by the volcano Mount Pelee, 1,397 m high, which erupted on May 8, 1902 completely destroying the first European settlement on the island (St. Pierre) and killing more than 30,000 people (in Cataclysmic Martinique 1902). The population has been recovering, and now the island is one of the most populous in the region.

Mount Pelee (French language: Montagne Pelee) is an active volcano in the north of the French overseas department of Martinique in the Caribbean. It is a tall and conical volcano, composed of highly viscous magma and remnants of volcanic ash and lava solidified. It has an altitude of 1,397 meters above sea level.

The eruption of May 8, 1902 Mount Pelee is sadly remembered as "the worst volcanic disaster of the twentieth century" had completely destroyed the town of Saint-Pierre, causing more than 30,000 deaths, almost all from asphyxiation.

There are only three people survived, including a prisoner named Louis-Auguste Cyparis, or Ludger Sylbaris.

Imprisoned for having participated in a fight with fatal outcome, Cyparis / Sylbaris was imprisoned in a cell with no window, only by opening ventilation open in the opposite direction to that of the volcano. Four days after the tragedy, the cries of prisoner alerted relief. He had serious burns in the limbs and back. According to him, the eruption took place over breakfast and at one point made an intense heat and hot air are mixed with fine ash. Undoubtedly saved lives because their clothes did not burned and did not breathe the air overheated. The prisoner, forgiven, eventually earn a living in the famous Barnum circus where he was presented as "the man who survived a day of Reckoning." As far as is known, was the first black to achieve celebrity in the world of entertainment during the era of segregation. In 1792 and 1851 eruptions occurred oldest of which it is reported.

La Montagne Pelee has led to a volcanic type: the type of volcanoes pelean where magmas viscous come to form needle (pitones) amounting by the pressure of lava; to those "pitones" fracture occurs sudden outward " fiery clouds, "which are large pyroclastic lava flows that wiped out the entire environment of volcanic system. In other cases could occur gigantic explosions that completely destroyed the volcanic edifice.

Source Prevention Web/Wikipedia


Progress

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

HFA P4 - Risk applications:

HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

Others Documents:

Cataclysm in Martinique 1902.


Web Links:

Official site of Prefecture Martinique

official site of Regional Conseil of Martinique

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