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HFA National Reports

National Report 2007: National Report on the Implementation of the HFA (2007) - Chile (Spanish)

National Report 2006: no

National Report 2005: no

National platform:


HFA National Focal Point:

Oficina Nacional de Emergencia (ONEMI)

Address: Ministerio del Interior, Beaucheff 1637/ 1671, Santiago

Phone: (+56-2) 252-4200/6966903/671-8333 / Fax:(+56-2)672-1899


Contact person: Mrs. Carmen Fernandez Gibbs, Director

Phone: (+56-2) 252-4231/252-4200 / fax: (+56-2) 252-4234


Other contact person: Mr. Jose Abumohor, geograph

Phone: (+56-2) 252-4383 / Fax: (+56-2) 252-4381


Other contacts

Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva


His Excellency Mr. Carlos Portales


Permanent Representative

Address: Rue de Moillebeau 58 (4th Floor), 1211 Geneva 19

Tel: +(41-22) 919-8800, Fax: +(41-22) 734-5297



UN System Coordination


Resident Coordinator Office

Mr. Enrique Ganuza

UN Resident Coordinator, Resident Representative UNDP

Address: Dag Hammarskjold 3241, Casilla 19006, Vitacura, Santiago

Tel: 00(562) 654-1002 / 1000; Fax: 00(562) 654-1099 /1082



Inter-Agency Support

Mr. Alejandro Mañón


URL: UBDG - Oficina del Coordinador Residente: Chile

UN Country Team (UNCT)

Mr. Enrique Ganuza, Resident Coordinator UNDP System

Mr José Luis Machinea, Executive Secretary, ECLAC

Ms Margarita Flores, Representative for Chile, Deputy Regional Representative, FAO

Mr Guillermo Miranda, Director MDT, ILO

Ms Marietta Uribe, Assistant ITU

Mr Juan Manuel Sotelo, Representative, PAHO/WHO

Ms Rosa Blanco, Dir. Reg. Office for Education, UNESCO

Mr Egidio Crotti, Representative/Resident Coordinator a.i., UNICEF

Ms Margarita Uprimny, Human Rights Officer, UNHCHR

Ms Gabriela Rodriguez, Chief of Mision, IOM

Mr Esteban Caballero, Representative Peru and Country Director for Chile and Uruguay, UNFPA

Ms Ana Falu, Regional Director, UNIFEM

Mr Favio Varoli, Liaison Officer, UNHCR

Ms Annabella Arredondo, Liaison Officer, UNAIDS

Mr Benigno Rodriguez, Deputy Resident Representative, UNDP

Ms Mariela Cortes, Liaison Officer, UNFPA

Ms Tatiana Perez, Liaison Officer, UNIFEM

Mr. Alejandro Mañón, Coordination Support, UNDP System

Updated: 13.6.2008; UNDG: Chile

PAHO/WHO Field Offices, Chile: Dr. Juan Manuel Sotelo Figueiredo, PAHO/WHO Representative

Address: Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, Avenida Providencia No. 1017, Piso 4 y 5, Santiago, Chile / Casilla 9459, Santiago, Chile

Phone: (+56-2) 264-9300 / Fax: (+56-2) 264-9311


Website: []

Chilean Red Cross:

Address: Av.Santa María 0150, Providencia - Santiago

Phone:(+56-2) 7771448/7771216 / Fax (+56-2) 7370270


UNDP Chile

Website: UNDP Chile

Country Profile:

Official name: Republic of Chile

Capital: Santiago

Population: 16,284,741 (July 2007 est.)

Density: 21 inhab/sq Km

Total area: 756,950 sq Km

Languages: Spanish

Government: Republic

Religion: United Church (Presbyterian and Congregational), Anglican, Baptist, Church of God, other Protestant, Roman Catholic

Ethnic Groups: white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%

Currency: Chilean peso

The territory of Chile is located on the west coast of South America, holds a length of 4270 km. And an average width of 200 km. The important territorial extension determines a wide variety of climates, soils and biomes. In order prevails from north to south a sequence of desert ecosystems, estepáricos, Mediterranean, warm temperate, temperate rain, cold and estepáricos tundra. The physiographic features distinguish an abrupt altitudinal gradient from west to east: coastal plain, Coast Mountains, depression and Andean Mountains. For the physiographic configuration of the territory, constrained between the Andean and the coast, with slopes exceeding 5 thousand meters in no more than 200 km. This country has-from the mainland to the sea - watershed high torrent High frailty in the regulation of water flows, high capacity and erosive sediment transport, particularly in desertified areas, denuded and vast areas of mountains.

Chile is therefore a country where 80% of its territory is made up of hilly terrain and the remaining 20% corresponds to valleys and coastal plains, covered by mountains, seas, lakes, rivers or canals, smashing its geography in southern countless islands. The processes of erosion and desertification, which affects half the national territory are associated with mountain ecosystems; help in times of severe damage from summer drought and winter seasons are produced severe flooding, with devastating effects on infrastructure and urban population, which affect precious human lives.

The Chilean coast have been beaten twice by tsunamis (registered here as tsunamis), originated thousands of miles away, ie no relation to a local earthquake. All records on volcanic eruptions in Chile show a more or less similar, which reflected the occurrence of certain events visionary such as seismicity surface local noise underground, fumarólica increased activity, emission of gas (sulphur) and increasing the temperature in the area of the crater, this implies the emergence of thawing to increase river flow (in snow-covered volcanoes). Such events can be given both at volcanoes that have been inactive as those with ongoing activity. This may take several days, weeks or even years until a series of earthquakes and underground noises prior to the departure of ash and lava, which runs at a speed of between 5 and 100 km. / H-depending on the geographic gap - and usually follows the creeks of the area, ending in channels of rivers or lakes.

Chile is the country which has one of the highest rates of seismic activity and where there have been major earthquakes on the planet. The seismicity of Chile occurs throughout its territory, with greater frequency and intensity between Arica and the Peninsula Taitao and also in the far south of Magellan.

Institutional Level

With the creation of the National Emergency Office of the Interior Ministry (ONEMI), and centralized national agency, is developing in the country a National Civil Protection System, which is an expression municipal, provincial and regional levels. It is directed and coordinated, according to the laws in force - by municipalities, governorates, management and the Ministry of the Interior, where all jurisdictional areas maintain their identity and structure.

ONEMI supported its management in a National Committee for Civil Protection and Emergency comprising more than 40 public, private and voluntary. At the national level, each level of government in the country have formed committees communal, provincial and regional Civil Protection (Law 16282 and Supreme Decree No. 156 of the Internal March 12, 2002, which establishes the National Plan for Civil Protection). Inside them are discussed concrete ways of action, plans are designed and prioritize activities for the prevention, mitigation and preparedness appropriate to the particular realities of each jurisdictional area (Principle Mutual Aid).

In emergency or disaster, it is the Emergency Operations Committee, which is composed of representatives of the same Committee for Civil Protection and Emergency, but with specific skills and capabilities related to the respective event of emergency.

This Operations Committee exercises its mission in an Emergency Operations Centre (EOC), which coordinates the decisions and actions of response and rehabilitation.

In emergency situations are used in the first instance all available resources in the affected community. If the magnitude of the event exceeds local capacity, mobilize additional support necessary stages successively from the provincial level, regional to the national (Principle Use Escalonado Resources). ONEMI also has a Center of Early Warning (CAT), which has as its fundamental mission permanently and systematically monitor the various risk scenarios anywhere in the country or abroad, to collect, evaluate and disseminate as soon as possible, available information on potential or actual occurrence of a destructive event, be described as the social impact of emergency or disaster.

Source: UN/ISDR The Americas

Climate change


(2007): (Source: Matrix Final - based on national progress report for the Global Platform)

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework

New bill on “Civil protection law” to move towards a more articulated national civil protection system

Special institution for strengthening and capacity building within units working DRR

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

Program of early warning centre (supported by the Inter-American Development Bank - IDB). Main objective is to support the Chilean government in implementing early warning centers through the application of a pilot project in Santiago’s metropolitan area, while replicating this pilot project in the other 12 regions of the country.

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

Collaboration agreement between the metropolitan University of sciences of education (UMCE), and ONEMI

HFA P4 - Risk applications:

HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

Creation of specialized task force units to support the work of municipalities and provinces on disaster preparedness and emergency operations, with a focus on enforcement of early warning protocols, emergency controls and rehabilitation of affected areas

Others Documents:

National Management Model of Civil Protection, Chile. ONEMI, February, 2008. (Spanish)

Web Links

PreventionWeb Country Profile-Natural Disaster Chile Data and Statistcs

EM-DAT Chile Country Profile-Natural Disaster

ReliefWeb Countries & Emergencies Chile


Official Website Chilean Government

Chile Fire Department

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Chile

MDG Profile: Chile

Sitio Web Nacional sobre Cambio Climático - Chile

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