Health, Disasters and Risk
Water and sanitation
Title: Emergencies and disasters in drinking water supply and sewerage systems: guidelines for effective response
Author(s): By the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), World Health Organization (WHO), Inter-American Association of Sanitary and Environmental Health (AIDIS)
Source: PAHO/WHO, 2002
Pages: 90 p.
Abstract: This book was prepared jointly by PAHO and the International Division of Sanitary engineering and Environmental Health in Emergencies and Disasters (DIEDE), a technical division of the AIDIS. It is a practical guide for developing emergency and disaster plans for these systems, and it stems from a detailed knowledge of the threats and existing vulnerabilities. The guide reviews and surpasses other technical documents published in the past by PAHO and is an essential complement to the book Natural Disaster Mitigation in Drinking Water and Sewerage Systems, published by PAHO in 1998. This book is aimed at managers, administrators, planners and designers, as well as personnel who operate and maintain these systems. It will assist in the adequate planning of disaster response, ensuring the quality and contiunity of the services, and in this way, protect and preserve the health of the affected population.
Title: Natural disaster mitigation in drinking water and sewerage systems: guidelines for vulnerability analysis
Author(s): By the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), World Health Organization (WHO)
Source: PAHO/WHO, 2001
Pages: 86 p.
Abstract: Vulnerability analysis, the topic of this publication, provides a simple approach for assessing the vulnerability of system components to the impact of hazards in a particular area. The outcome of the analysis will define the necessary mitigation measures and emergency response procedures should a disaster occur. These guidelines are meant to be used as an analytical tool by engineering and technical personnel working with drinking water and sewerage services to diagnose the behavior of these systems in the event of natural disaster.
Title: The challenge in disaster reduction for the water and sanitation sector: improving quality of life by reducing vulnerabilities
Author(s): By the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), Inter-Agency secretariat for the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR)
Source: PAHO/WHO, 2006
Pages: 37 p.
Abstract: This joint publication (PAHO, UNICEF, ISDR, and IFRC) was introduced at the 4th World Water Forum that took place in Mexico in March 2006 to draw attention to the importance of ensuring that water and sanitation systems remain fully operational in the aftermath of natural disasters. This is critical if countries are to ensure there are no setbacks to the hard-won achievements in terms of access to these services. Additionally, it will allow countries to meet, by the year 2015, the goal of reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to drinking water and basic sanitation. Risk management is an important tool for the fulfillment of global challenges to provide water and sanitation services to all at all times.
Title: Vigilancia epidemiológica sanitaria en situaciones de desastre, guía para el nivel local: serie manuales y guías sobre desastres, no. 2
Author(s): By the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), World Health Organization (WHO)
Source: PAHO/WHO, 2002
Pages: 48 p.
Abstract: Esta guía responde a una necesidad en los países de América Latina y el Caribe de contar con pautas y directrices para mejorar la vigilancia epidemiológica en situaciones de desastre, especialmente a nivel local. Su objetivo es orientar sobre las principales necesidades de información sanitaria y las estrategias y herramientas de recolección, para facilitar la gestión de los actores locales de salud y generar resultados de importancia en la administración de los desastres. No pretende sustituir y/o sobrecargar los sistemas de información existentes actualmente, ni mucho menos convertirse en un sistema paralelo de información.
Title: Water and risk in Africa: a school’s guide
Author(s): By the Inter-Agency secretariat for the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR)
Source: UN/ISDR, 2004
Pages: 31 p.
Abstract: Water and Risk... These two words may look strange one next to the other. Indeed, water is generally helpful. But it is also true that water can be harmful: too little water is risk of drought, too much water is risk of flood, water - too scarce - is risk of conflict, water - impure - is risk of disease. Worse, these risks can lead to disasters. They can destroy property and ... life. Yet, this should not always be the case. There is much we can do. Each of us, teachers and students, we can take action. In fact, we should take action because when it is a matter of life and death, we should not expect others to do it for us. It is in the light of the above concern that the present booklet entitled Water and Risk in Africa - A School’s Guide has been produced. This booklet seeks to help you to know more about risks and disasters related to water, and also about what to do to protect lives and property. It seeks to help you, as a teacher, to help your students to be risk aware and learn to protect their own lives and property. Still better, it also seeks to help you, as a school student, to help your family, your relatives and your friends to protect their own lives and property.
Title: Water for health: guidelines for drinking-water quality
Author(s): By the World Health Organization (WHO)
Source: WHO, 2004
Pages: 515 p.
Abstract: This third edition of WHO's guidelines for drinking-water quality provides a state-of-the art perspective on issues of water quality and health and on effective approaches to water safety management. The guidelines are used by countries world-wide as a scientific basis for standard-setting and regulation and are used extensively by professionals and local decision-makers. They supersede five editions of guidelines and of previous international standards. This fully-revised third edition includes expanded coverage on systematic drinking-water safety assessment and management. It describes a "Water Safety Framework" encompassing complementary functions of national regulators, water suppliers and independent surveillance agencies. The "Water Safety Plan" provides a comprehensive approach to assist suppliers in water safety management.
Title: Water for health: taking charge
Author(s): World Health Organization
Source: WHO, 2001
Pages: 34 p.
Abstract: Long before the advent of modern medical care, industrialized countries decreased their levels of water-related disease through good water management. Yet, even in these countries, outbreaks of water-borne disease continue to occur, sometimes with lethal consequences. In developing countries, preventable water-related disease blights the lives of the poor. Diseases resulting from bad hygiene rank among the leading causes of ill-health. This report on water and sanitation has been issued by the World Health Organization to coincide with the World Water Day 2001. The report says that more than a billion people drink unsafe water each day and that 2.4 billion, or 40 percent of the worlds population, are without adequate sanitation.
Title: Water for people, water for life: the United Nations World Water Development Report
Author(s): By the World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP)
Source: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 2003
Pages: 576 p.
Abstract: This first edition of the World Water Development Report, Water for People, Water for Life, is the main outcome of the World Water Assessment Programme, a long-term project started in response to decisions of the General Assembly and the Commission on Sustainable Development. A joint project involving twenty-three United Nations specialized agencies and other entities, it provides a comprehensive view of today’s water problems and offers wide-ranging recommendations for meeting future water demand. This coincides with the International Year of Freshwater, which is being observed throughout 2003. Finally, it shows the United Nations at work, helping the world to confront current and impending water crises.