Health, Disasters and Risk
Title: Gender and health in disasters
Author(s): By the World Health Organization (WHO)
Source: WHO, 2002
Pages: 4 p.
Abstract: There is a general lack of research on sex and gender differences in vulnerability to and impact of disasters. The limited information available from small scale studies suggests that there is a pattern of gender differentiation at all levels of the disaster process: exposure to risk, risk perception, preparedness, response, physical impact, psychological impact, recovery and reconstruction.
Title: Gender, water and sanitation: a policy brief
Author(s): By UN-Water
Source: UN-Water, 2006
Pages: 16 p.
Abstract: In most societies, women have primary responsibility for management of household water supply, sanitation and health. Water is necessary not only for drinking, but also for food production and preparation, care of domestic animals, personal hygiene, care of the sick, cleaning, washing and waste disposal. Because of their dependence on water resources, women have accumulated considerable knowledge about water resources, including location, quality and storage methods. However, efforts geared towards improving the management of the world’s finite water resources and extending access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation, often overlook the central role of women in water management.
Title: Women are the fabric: reproductive health for communities in crisis
Author(s): By the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Source: UNFPA, 2006
Pages: 16 p.
Abstract: Women form the backbone of families and communities. When emergencies strike, their important contributions become even more vital. But in times of crisis, the particular strengths and vulnerabilities of women are often overlooked in the rush to provide humanitarian assistance. This booklet describes the ways in which UNFPA works with partners to ensure that the specific needs of women are factored into the planning of all humanitarian assistance and addresses urgent reproductive health needs that are sometimes forgotten.