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Disaster risk reduction (disaster reduction)

The conceptual framework of elements considered with the possibilities to minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risks throughout a society, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development.

The disaster risk reduction framework is composed of the following fields of action, as described in ISDR's publication 2002 "Living with Risk: a global review of disaster reduction initiatives", page 23:
  • Risk awareness and assessment including hazard analysis and vulnerability/capacity analysis;
  • Knowledge development including education, training, research and information;
  • Public commitment and institutional frameworks, including organizational, policy, legislation and community action;
  • Application of measures including environmental management, land-use and urban planning, protection of critical
    facilities, application of science and technology, partnership and networking, and financialinstruments;
  • Early warning systems including forecasting, dissemination of warnings, preparedness measures and reaction capacities.

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