for Cooperation with National Platforms
Inter-Agency Secretariat for the ISDR
This outline should be read in conjunction with the "Framework
for the implementation of the ISDR"
August, 2001, please visit the ISDR website: www.unisdr.org
as the primary ingredient for sub-regional, regional and international
cooperation with regard to natural disaster reduction, is a critical factor
of success of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR).
The Secretariat for the ISDR is therefore directing its efforts towards
an expansion and strengthening of its national platform network.
The expression "national
platform" is a generic term first used in UN ECOSOC Resolution 1999/63
in order to emphasize the need for disaster reduction to be multi-sectoral
and inter-disciplinary with the involvement of all concerned entities
within a country, including UN agencies present at the national level.
The designation "ISDR national committee", "ISDR focal
point" or any other name is at the discretion of the national platform
itself. National platforms are designated as such by their governments
and serve as an interface between national and international levels within
the ISDR. They are free to use the ISDR logo and may represent the Secretariat
for the ISDR, upon its request, at national, regional or international
gatherings relevant to ISDR concerns.
It should be noted
that in addition to the national platforms, the Secretariat for the ISDR
has developed with time, a number of informal contacts in a number of
countries. Some of these contacts may be already involved in the national
platform in which case, they are being encouraged to communicate with
the Secretariat for the ISDR through the ISDR national platform of their
country. In any event, the national platform should be kept informed and
copied on all relevant correspondence between the Secretariat and contacts
at national level.
Due to its interagency
nature, the Secretariat for the ISDR is also working in close collaboration
with UN agencies having representation at national level, particularly
UNDP, in order to ensure complementarity of action. The Secretariat will
therefore keep these agencies informed on its cooperation with national
platforms and encourage the latter to seek their support and advice with
respect to activities related to their area of competence.
PROPOSED GUIDELINES FOR COOPERATION WITH NATIONAL PLATFORMS
To strengthen the
cooperation between national platforms and the Secretariat for the ISDR
and build a strong national platform network in order to ensure political
commitment and increase capacity for the implementation of the ISDR.
The present guidelines
are based on responsibilities shared between the governments and the UN
through their respective roles, which are defined by the Secretary-General
of the United Nations as follow:
- Governments to
maintain and strengthen established national and multisectoral platforms
for natural disaster reduction in order to achieve sustainable development
goals and objectives, with the full utilization of scientific and technical
- Each Government
to decide on the form and structure of the multisectoral platform in
its own country.
(See Secretary-General's Report to the UNGA, 1999, A/54/497, para. 32)
- The Secretariat
for the ISDR to backstop the policy and advocacy activities of national
committees for natural disaster reduction.
- (See Secretary-General's
Report to the UNGA, 1999, A/54/497, para. 25.e)
As a result, it is
expected that ISDR national platforms should:
- benefit from the
necessary legitimacy and support in seeking to articulate the interests
of various segments of the disaster reduction community at the national
level with a view to ensuring effective disaster reduction policies.
- serve as an effective
instrument for promoting the cause of disaster reduction at international
level based on their individual experience and in cooperation with the
UN Secretariat for the ISDR and UN agencies such as UNDP and others.
In order to ensure
efficient and effective cooperation, disaster reduction should be approached:
- As a global issue
within the context of sustainable development
- With priority
given to education and public awareness
- In a multi-disciplinary
and cross-sectoral manner
- With the logic
of subsidiarity (acting at the most appropriate level, bearing in mind
that national platforms have a major responsibility for ensuring the
implementation of disaster reduction measures at the country level)
- In a concerted
and coordinated manner with regard to policy, planning and decision-making.
cooperation between ISDR national platforms and the Secretariat for the
ISDR should be an ongoing process building on:
information supported by: communication technology (internet),
- conferences, seminars,
workshops at national, regional and international level
supported by: sharing of information on activities being carried out
- common understanding
- transparency in the decision-making process
- common objectives
- adoption of integrated policies
according to regional or thematic consideration promoted by:
- bilateral cooperation
among entities with different comparative advantages
- regional and sub-regional cooperation
- multisectoral cooperation
- twinnings (horizontal cooperation)
- increased awareness
on the need to support financially disaster reduction activities
- better allocation of funds between disaster relief and disaster reduction
- private sector sponsorship.
For more infromation,
Marianne Muller: email@example.com ó
Elina Palm: firstname.lastname@example.org
of the ISDR Secretariat
its cooperation with ISDR national platforms and promote networking,
the Secretariat for the ISDR is developing its clearing-house function
and carries the following activities:
strengthening the reference unit of the Secretariat into a Resource
Center on Disaster Reduction
databases on, inter alia, experts and relevant contacts interested
in ISDR activities
and international organizations and centers,
- technical literature, and
- country profiles
These databases will be posted on the ISDR Website upon completion.
Disseminating up-to-date information, including through an
expanded website capacity, on : activities carried out by national
interregional and international meetings, seminars and other events
on disaster reduction
- subjects such as environment and development, where the relevance
of disaster reduction should be reflected
- scientific and technological findings in the field of disaster
information from national platforms for specific activities such
as the preparation of the biennial Global Report on Disaster Reduction
attention of the media on activities of national platforms
regional and/or thematic meetings of representatives of national
assistance in the preparation of national and regional disaster
prevention or mitigation plans, and legislation
national platforms to expand their access to and use of the Internet.
In order to
ensure a better coverage, the Secretariat for the ISDR is also in
the process of decentralizing some of its activities with a strong
regional perspective, which requires close cooperation with existing
regional and sub-regional mechanisms as well as national platforms.
This undertaking has been prompted by the success of the Latin America
and the Caribbean outpost already put in place during the IDNDR.
Discussions are underway for similar arrangements to be developed
in Africa, Asia and the Pacific regions.