Risk reduction and education
Today, the world has a wealth of knowledge and information on disaster
reduction at its disposal; the key is sharing and using this in a productive
way through awareness-raising and educational initiatives so that people
make informed decisions and take action to ensure their resilience
to disasters. Reducing risk and vulnerability to disasters requires
people’s understanding of how they can best protect themselves,
their property and their livelihoods.
Education for disaster risk reduction is an interactive process of mutual
learning among people and institutions. It encompasses far more than formal
education at schools and universities, and involves the recognition and
use of traditional wisdom and local knowledge for protection from natural
Education is conveyed through experience, established learning arrangements,
information technology, staff training, electronic and print media and
other means that facilitate the sharing of information and knowledge to
citizens, professionals, organizations and policymakers, among a range
of other community stakeholders.
Education is a crucial means within local communities around the world
to communicate, to motivate, and to engage, as much as it is to teach.
Awareness and learning about risks and dangers needs to start in early
education, continuing through generations.
resources on education and disaster reduction
from today’s disasters for tomorrow’s hazards
2004 World Disaster Reduction Campaign
In 2004 the annual world disaster reduction campaign focused on the theme of “learning”.
The campaign resulted in numerous activities that were organized in commemoration
of the International Day for Disaster Reduction, Wednesday 13 October 2004.
||Knowledge, Innovation and Education: Building a culture
of safety and resilience
World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR)
Education featured highly on the WCDR agenda. It was one of five key areas that
comprised the WCDR Thematic Segment, and was referred to in both the Hyogo Declaration
and the WCDR Programme Outcome document “Building the resilience of nations
and communities to disasters: Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015”.
UN/ISDR and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) have together produced
an educational kit for children called “Let’s learn to prevent disasters!”.
It includes the board game “Riskland” whereby players learn about
what they can do to reduce disaster impacts by answering questions and advancing
along the board’s winding path.
||On-line educational resources on disaster reduction
As part of the 2004 World Disaster Reduction Campaign, UN/ISDR compiled a range
of educational resources that can be used to raise awareness and explain what
can be done to reduce risk to disasters.
for Education on Sustainable Development
Education for sustainable development is a life-wide and lifelong endeavour which
challenges individuals, institutions and societies to view tomorrow as a day
that belongs to all of us, or it will not belong to anyone. The United Nations
proclaimed 2005-2015 to be the UN Decade for Education on Sustainable Development
to promote the subject and develop strategies for its advancement.
The National Disaster Education Coalition (NDEC) is composed of federal government
agencies and national not-for-profit organizations which work together to develop
consistent educational information for the public about disaster preparedness,
and to disseminate that information throughout their own organizations, their
respective constituencies, and to the public at large. The goal of the NDEC is
to develop, review, and disseminate information and advice on how the public
should prepare and respond appropriately to natural and human-caused disasters.
de información sobre educación para la reducción
Preparado por el Centro Regional de Información sobre Desastres (CRID)
para América Latina y el Caribe.
The Expect the Unexpected program is designed to teach young people aged 7 to
13 about the main types of natural disasters that could strike their area; how
to better prepare for emergency situations; attitudes and behaviors to adopt
during and after emergency situations; and evacuation procedures for school and
The program is available in English and French and can be seen and downloaded
free of charge at the following address:
FloodRanger is an educational game about managing flood defences along rivers
and coasts. It is aimed at flood defence practitioners, local authorities, insurers,
universities and schools. The objective of the game is to defend urban areas
and sites of special scientific interest while maintaining levels of housing
and employment for an expanding population. The game uses a virtual terrain loosely
based on the east coast of England. The user can select between two world future
scenarios in combination with four climate change scenarios taken from the UK
Hadley Centre for Climate Change.
A safe and secure environment is a prerequisite for effective teaching and learning.
The following resources provide more in-depth analysis and discussion of protecting
the learning environment from natural hazards:
Schools Safe in Earthquakes
||APELL for Schools and Educational Buildings: A
community-based approach for school safety and education for disaster